Special Issue "Quantum Information and Communication: From Foundations to Applications"
A special issue of Entropy (ISSN 1099-4300).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 February 2016)
Prof. Gregg Jaeger
Quantum Communication and Measurement Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Division of Natural Science and Mathematics, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA
Prof. Dr. Andrei Khrennikov
International Center for Mathematical Modeling in Physics, Engineering, Economics, and Cognitive Science, Linnaeus University, S-35195, Växjö, Sweden
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Interests: quantum foundations, information, probability, contextuality; applications of the mathematical formalism of quantum theory outside of physics: cognition, psychology, decision making, economics, finances, social and political sciences; p-adic numbers, p-adic and ultrametric analysis, dynamical systems, p-adic theoretical physics, utrametric models of cognition and psychological behavior, p-adic models in geophysics and petroleum research
Recent years have been characterized by a tremendous development of quantum information and communication, both in theory and experiment: quantum computers and, recently, quantum stimulators, cryptography, teleportation, and quantum random generators. It is now clear that this great project is essentially more complex than one would have expected at its initial stage and that its realization demands much more effort on the parts of both theoreticians and experimenters. This is a good time to examine and summarize the results, thus far, of various intensive studies and experimentations regarding, both, successes and difficulties. It is the moment to present expectations of the further developments of the field, to formulate further challenges and problems, and to point out any possible, hidden pitfalls for the future.
The quantum information revolution has significantly increased the interest in the foundations of quantum mechanics. This topic is no longer the business of only philosophers and historians of science, but it is now also largely unavoidable to practicing physicists, theoreticians, and even experimenters. While complemented by the more traditional philosophical analysis, foundational studies are now based, much more firmly, on complex theoretical models, advanced mathematics, and numerical simulations that are very closely related to experiments. The intensive development of quantum information and quantum technologies continually generates novel foundational problems. The problem of distinguishing classical and quantum randomness and justification of the use of quantum random generators, which before was merely a philosophic problem, plays a fundamental role in development of quantum technologies, is one example.
Recently, the mathematical formalism of quantum information theory and quantum probability has provided numerous applications outside of physics, in cognitive and social sciences, psychology, decision-making, economics, psychology, finances, and politics. In such applications, quantum theory is treated operationally as representing contextual probabilistic behavior of systems of any kind. There are plenty of statistical data, collected in the aforementioned domains of science that do not match the laws of classical probability theory (Kolmogorov, 1933), but can be successfully described and modeled in the framework of quantum theory. Such an approach in the use of quantum formalism is certainly quantum-like, even if a system itself need not necessarily be described by quantum physics; it only exhibits some non-classical information-probabilistic features, and has been exhibited in recent decades, in some situations in quantum optics, which were initially thought to absolutely require quantum entanglement, but were understandable in the absence of it as well, with quantum mechanical formalism being the preferred formal framework in any case.
The aim of this Special Issue is to encourage scientists to present original and recent developments, as well as review papers, on quantum information and communications and the related problems of quantum foundations. Quantum information is treated widely enough to even cover applications of its formalism outside of the physics mentioned above.
One of the objectives of this issue is to promote cross-fertilization among scientists working in a wide range of areas of quantum information, communication and foundations, and theory and applications; for example, interrelation of quantum information theory and theory of open quantum systems, Bell’s inequality, its probabilistic structure and especially its role in theory of quantum random generators, statistical analysis of experimental data, foundations of quantum mechanics, entanglement, and quantum-like models in decision making. One question of especially high interest (in the light of recent experiments in labs of A. Zeilinger and P. Kwiat to close the detection efficiency loophole) is the analysis of the trade-off between entanglement and non-purity of states, leading to violations of the Eberhard and Clauser-Horne versions of Bell’s inequality.
Prof. Gregg Jaeger
Prof. Andrei Khrennikov
Manuscript Submission Information
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- quantum information and communication
- quantum algorithms and cryptographic protocols
- quantum and classical probability
- quantum and classical randomness and random generators
- entanglement and its measures
- trade between entanglement and non-purity
- open quantum systems
- quantum Markov and non-Markov dynamics
- theory of quantum apparatuses and instruments
- Bell-type inequalities
- statistical analysis of data
- quantum-like models of cognition and decision making, in economics, psychology, finances, politics
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Author: Masanao Ozawa
Affiliation: Graduate School of Information Science, Nagoya University, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan
Author: Theo Nieuwenhuizen
Title: On the stability criterion for the hydrogen ground state in Stochastic Electrodynamics
Affiliation: Institute for Theoretical Physics Visitors: Science Park 904, 1098 XH, Amsterdam, the Netherland
Author: Mauro D' Ariano
Affiliation: Dipartimento di Fisica dell’Università degli Studi di Pavia, via Bassi 6, 27100, Pavia, Italy
Author: Gregg Jaeger
Tentative title: Randomness in measurement-based quantum mechanics
Affiliation: Quantum Communication and Measurement Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Division of Natural Science and Mathematics, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA
Author: Andrei Khrennikov
Tentative title: Towards Information Lasers
Affiliation: International Center for Mathematical Modeling in Physics, Engineering, Economics, and Cognitive Science Linnaeus University, Växjö-Kalmar, S-35195, Sweden
Author: Paul Busch
Tentative title: The failure of root-mean-square value deviation: a quantum effect
Affiliation: Department of Mathematics, University of York, York YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
Author: D. Marcus Appleby
Affiliation: School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Tentative title: Quantum artificial brain
Author: Yoshihisa Yamamoto and Shoko Utsunomiya
Affiliation: Stanford University and National Institute of Informatics
Tentative title: modelling of information and potential functions
Authors: Haven Emmanuel
Affiliation: School of Management and Institute of Finance, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK