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Special Issue "Pyrolysis of Biomass"

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 March 2017)

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Alina M. Balu

Departamento de Química Orgánica, Universidad de Córdoba, Campus de Rabanales, Edificio Marie Curie (C-3), Ctra Nnal IV, Km 396, E-14014, Córdoba, Spain
Website | E-Mail
Interests: biomass conversion; hemicellulose and humins valorization; renewable materials
Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Rafael Luque

Departamento de Química Orgánica, Universidad de Córdoba, Campus de Rabanales, Edificio Marie Curie (C-3), Ctra Nnal IV, Km 396, E-14014, Córdoba, Spain
Website | E-Mail
Phone: +34957211050
Interests: green chemistry; biomass valorization; heterogeneous catalysis; nanomaterial design

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

We are inviting submissions to a Special Issue of Energies on the subject area of “Pyrolysis of Biomass”.

Within the scope of biomass pyrolysis as a renewable option to produce chemicals, this Special Issue will aim to compile recent advances on pyrolysis-based technologies as useful processes in future biorefineries. The development of innovative methodologies to convert biomass into useful materials is still a significant challenge for the preparation of fuels and sustainable chemicals. Thermochemical processes, such as fast pyrolysis, can play an important role in biorefineries, considered to be highly versatile for biomass conversion with high yields of liquid products that can be used directly or upgraded depending on the applications.

Topics of interest for publication include, but are not limited to:

  • biomass pyrolysis and upgrading processes
  • integrated pyrolysis systems
  • data collection on transport and handling costs of biomass and derived products from pyrolysis
  • techno-economic assessment studies for optimization of the integrated system.
  • scaling up process design towards the lower cost and easy operation.

It is our pleasure to invite you to submit a manuscript for this Special Issue. Full papers, short communications, and reviews are all welcome.

We look forward to receiving your submissions.

Assist. Prof. Dr. Alina M. Balu
Prof. Dr. Rafael Luque
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • pyrolysis
  • biomass pretreatment
  • organic transformations
  • bio-oil
  • biochar
  • energy applications

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Recycling Possibility of the Salty Food Waste by Pyrolysis and Water Scrubbing
Energies 2017, 10(2), 210; doi:10.3390/en10020210
Received: 17 November 2016 / Revised: 19 January 2017 / Accepted: 4 February 2017 / Published: 13 February 2017
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Abstract
Salty food waste is difficult to manage with previous methods such as composting, anaerobic digestion, and incineration, due to the hindrance of salt and the additional burden to handle high concentrations of organic wastewater produced when raw materials are cleaned. This study presents
[...] Read more.
Salty food waste is difficult to manage with previous methods such as composting, anaerobic digestion, and incineration, due to the hindrance of salt and the additional burden to handle high concentrations of organic wastewater produced when raw materials are cleaned. This study presents a possibility of recycling food waste as fuel without the burden of treatment washing with water by pyrolyzing and scrubbing. For this purpose, salty food waste with 3% NaCl was made using 10 materials and pyrolysis was conducted at temperature range between 200–400 °C. The result was drawn from elementary analysis (EA), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis, atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) analysis, water quality analysis and calorific value analysis of char, washed char, and washing water. The result of the EA showed that NaCl in food waste could be volatilized at a low pyrolysis temperature of 200–300 °C and it could be concentrated and fixed in char at a high pyrolysis temperature of 300–400 °C. The XPS analysis result showed that NaCl existed in form of chloride. Through the Na content result of the AAS analysis, NaCl remaining in char after water scrubbing was determined to be less than 2%. As the pyrolysis temperature increased, the chemical oxygen demand (COD) value of scrubbing water decreased rapidly, but the total phosphorus and nitrogen contents decreased gradually. The cleaned pyrolysis char showed an increase of higher heating value (HHV) approximately 3667–9920 J/g due to the removal of salt from the char and, especially at 300–400 °C, showed a similar HHV with normal fossil fuels. In conclusion, salty food waste, which is pyrolyzed at a temperature of 300–400 °C and cleaned by water, can be utilized as high-energy refuse derived fuel (RDF), without adverse effects, due to the volatilization of Cl and an additional process of contaminated water. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pyrolysis of Biomass)
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