Special Issue "Biological and Biogenic Crystallization"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 July 2017)
The first biological crystals were grown in the beginning of the 20th century. The first diffraction pattern of biological crystal was done for the enzyme pepsin, which, at the same time, was one of the first enzymes to be crystallized. Soon after that, the tobacco mosaic virus was crystallized. Since that time biological crystals have become the subjects of intensive research work.
Biogenic crystals are produced by living organisms, they include for example, calcium oxalate crystals produced in different plant tissues or magnetite crystals forming inside different bacteria and animals or various crystals in human body appearing in the course of physiological and pathological processes. Biogenic crystals attract a lot of attention because of their fascinating and unique properties.
The theme of this Special Issue is "Biological and Biogenic Crystallization". Our intention is to create international platform aimed at covering a broad description of results involving crystallization of biological molecules including virus and protein crystallization, biogenic crystallization including physiological and pathological crystallization taking place in living organisms (human beings, animals, plants, bacteria, etc.) and bio-inspired crystallization. Scientists working in a wide range of disciplines are welcome to present their recent research and development activities in all mentioned aspects of biological and biogenic crystallization.
Prof. Dr. Jolanta Prywer
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Crystals is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Title: Different Nucleation Pathways for Protein Crystals
Authors: A.E.S. Van Driessche and M. Sleutel
Title: Formation Mechanism of CaCO3 Spherulites in Myostracum Layer of Limpet Shells
Authors: Shitao Wu, Chang-Yang Chiang and Wuzong Zhou
Affiliation: School of Chemistry, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9ST, United Kingdom
Abstract: CaCO3 (The phase to be determined) spherulites were found in the myostracum layer of common limpet shells. Their microstructures were revealed by using scanning electron microscopy, high resolution transmission electron microscopy, and energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis. Mechanisms of the formation of these spherulites and their morphology evolution were proposed in several steps, (1) formation of spherical particles of an inorganic and biological composite; (2) growth of CaCO3 nanorods on the surface of a core sphere; (3) formation of a core twin crystal; and (4) particle splitting into two hemispheres. It is believed that dipolar field of CaCO3 is the principal driving force for the orientated growth.