Special Issue "Atom Interferometry"
A special issue of Atoms (ISSN 2218-2004).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 October 2016)
Prof. A. Kumarakrishnan
Department of Physics, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Interests: atom interferometry; laser cooling and trapping; precision measurements; single mode lasers
Prof. Dallin S. Durfee
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, USA
Interests: matterwave interferometry; ion interferometry; ECDL lasers; optical instrumentation; laser cooling
Atom interferometry is a modern technique that utilizes the wave nature of matter to facilitate extremely precise measurements. It has been used to make accurate measurements of physical quantities, such as the atomic fine structure constant and gravitational acceleration, as well as for tests of relativity and the equivalence principle. It has been applied to realize devices, such as gravimeters and gradiometers, and to measure atomic properties. Furthermore, atom interferometry has been able to highlight and demonstrate aspects of quantum mechanics, such as superposition, coherence, and quantum nonlocality. Interferometry experiments have been carried out using thermal atoms, laser-cooled atoms, and Bose condensates. Many experiments, which are fundamental to our understanding of the basic laws of nature, have been carried out or are planned using this technique. This Special Issue will bring together articles on the latest advances relevant to atom interferometry (including fundamental measurements, and commercial applications) and the history and theory of this technique. Along with manuscripts describing innovative research, experts and pioneers in the field are encouraged to submit review articles on various aspects related to the development of this field.
Prof. Dallin S. Durfee
Prof. A. Kumarakrishnan
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Atoms is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 350 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- atom interferometry
- matter-wave interferometry
- precision measurements
- fundamental constants
- laser cooling
- atom optics
- quantum mechanics
- inertial measurements
- atomic physics
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- Kasevich, M.; Chu, S. Measurement of the gravitational acceleration of an atom with a light-pulse atom interferometer. Appl. Phys. B 1992, 54, 321–332.
- Berman, P. Atom Interferometry. Academic Press: New York, 1997.
- Bordé, C.J. Atomic Interferometry with Internal State Labeling. Phys. Lett. A 1989, 140, 10–12.
- Barrett, B.; Geiger, R.; Dutta, I.; Meunier, M.; Canuel, B.; Gauguet, A.; Bouyer, P.; Landragin, A. The Sagnac effect: 20 years of development in matter-wave interferometry. Comptes Rendus Physique 2014, 15, 875–883.
- Sorrentino, F.; Lien, Y.-H.; Rosi, G.; Cacciapuoti, L.; Prevedelli, M.; Tino, G.M. Sensitive gravity-gradiometry with atom interferometry: progress towards an improved determination of the gravitational constant. New J. Phys. 2010, 12, 095009.
- Cronin, A.D.; Schmiedmayer, J.; Pritchard, D.E. Optics and interferometry with atoms and molecules. Rev. Mod. Phys. 2009, 81, 1051.
- Jo, G.-B.; Choi, J.-H.; Christensen, C.A.; Lee, Y.-R.; Pasquini, T.A. Ketterle, W.; Pritchard, D.E. Matter-Wave Interferometry with Phase Fluctuating Bose-Einstein Condensates. Phys. Rev. Lett. 2007, 99, 240406.
- Carnal, O.; Mlynek, J. Young’s double-slit experiment with atoms: a simple atom interferometer. Phys. Rev. Lett. 1991, 66, 2689–2692.
- Keith, D.W.; Ekstrom, C.R.; Turchette, Q.A.; Pritchard, D.E. An interferometer for atoms. Phys. Rev. Lett. 1991, 66, 2693–2696.
- Kasevich, M.A.; Chu, S. Atomic interferometry using stimulated Raman transitions. Phys. Rev. Lett. 1991, 67, 181–184.
- Müntinga, H. et al. Interferometry with Bose-Einstein Condensates in Microgravity. Phys. Rev. Lett. 2013, 110, 093602.
- Adams, C.S.; Sigel, M.; Mlynek, J. Atom Optics. Phys. Rep. 1994, 240, 143.
- Barrett, B.; Chan, I.; Mok, C.; Carew, A.; Yavin, I.; Kumarakrishnan, A. Cahn, S.B.; Sleator, T. Time Domain Interferometry With Laser Cooled Atoms. In Advances in Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics; Arimondo, E., Berman, P.R., Lin, C.C., Eds; Elsevier: Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Volume 60, Chapter 3, Pages 119–199.
- Rauch, H.; Treimer, H.; Bonse, U. Test of a single crystal neutron interferometer. Phys. Lett. 1974, 47A, 369.
- Rauch, H.; Werner, S.A. Neutron Interferometry, 2nd Ed.; Oxford Univ. Press: Oxford, UK, 2015.
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Title: Fundamental Features of Quantum Dynamics Studied in Matter-Wave Interferometer---Quantum Cheshire-Cat
Author: Stephan Sponar and Yuji Hasegawa
Abstract: The validity of quantum-mechanical predictions has been confirmed with a high degree of accuracy in a wide range of experiments. Although the statistics of the outcomes of a measuring apparatus have been studied intensively, little has been explored and is known regarding the accessibility of quantum dynamics. For this sort of fundamental studies of quantum mechanics, interferometry using neutron matter-waves, in particular, provides almost ideal experimental circumstances. In this device quantum interference between spatially separated beams is explicitly exhibited on a macroscopic scale. Recently, a new counter-intuitive phenomenon, called quantum Cheshire-cat, is observed in an interference experiment. Moreover, full determination of weak-values of neutron’s ½-spin gives a new flavor to the study of quantum dynamics. In this article, we present an overview of these experiments.
Title: Atom Interferometry in the Presence of an External Test Mass
Authors: Boris Dubetsky, Miro Shverdin, Stephen B. Libby and Paul R. Berman
Abstract: The influence of an external test mass on the phase of the signal of an atom interferometer is studied theoretically. Using traditional techniques in atom optics based on the density matrix equations in the Wigner representation, we are able to extract the various contributions to the phase of the signal associated with the classical motion of the atoms, the quantum correction to this motion resulting from atomic recoil that is produced when the atoms interact with Raman field pulses, and quantum corrections to the atomic motion that occur in the time between the Raman field pulses. By increasing the effective wave vector associated with the Raman field pulses using modified field parameters, we can increase the sensitivity of the signal to the point where such quantum corrections can be measured. The expressions that are derived can be evaluated numerically to isolate the contribution to the signal from an external test mass. The regions of validity of the exact and approximate expressions are determined.
Title: Scalar Aharonov-Bohm Phase in Ramsey Atom Interferometry under Time-Varying Potential
Authors: Atsuo Morinaga * , Motoyuki Murakami , Keisuke Nakamura , Hiromitsu Imai
Abstract: In a Ramsey atom interferometer excited by two electromagnetic fields, if atoms are under a time-varying potential during the interrogation time, the phase of the Ramsey fringes shifts owing to the scalar Aharonov-Bohm effect. The phase shift was precisely examined using a Ramsey atom interferometer with a two-photon Raman transition under the second-order Zeeman potential, and a formula for the phase shift was derived. Using the empirical formula, the frequency shift due to the scalar Aharonov-Bohm effect in the frequency standards utilizing the Ramsey atom interferometer is discussed.
Title: Decoherence Spectroscopy for Atom Interferometry
Authors: Raisa Trubko * , Alexander Cronin *
Abstract: Atom interferometer contrast loss as a function of laser frequency is theoretically modeled and experimentally studied. The resulting decoherence spectra are explored as a method to improve precision measurements of tune-out wavelengths. The theoretical model of decoherence spectroscopy is tested by comparing to measurements made with an atom beam interferometer under a variety of conditions.