Open AccessFeature PaperCommunication
5,6,7,8-Tetrafluoro-1-(2-nitrophenyl)-3-phenyl-1H-benzo[e][1,3,4]oxadiazine
Molbank 2018, 2018(2), M997; https://doi.org/10.3390/M997 -
Abstract
Treating 1-fluoro-2-nitrobenzene (6) with N′-pentafluorophenylbenzohydrazide (7) and K2CO3 (1.1 equiv) in EtOH at ca. 110 °C (sealed tube) for 24 h affords 5,6,7,8-tetrafluoro-1-(2-nitrophenyl)-3-phenyl-1H-benzo[e][1,3,4]oxadiazine (5) (36%) and N′-(2-nitrophenyl)-N
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Treating 1-fluoro-2-nitrobenzene (6) with N′-pentafluorophenylbenzohydrazide (7) and K2CO3 (1.1 equiv) in EtOH at ca. 110 °C (sealed tube) for 24 h affords 5,6,7,8-tetrafluoro-1-(2-nitrophenyl)-3-phenyl-1H-benzo[e][1,3,4]oxadiazine (5) (36%) and N′-(2-nitrophenyl)-N′-(perfluorophenyl)benzohydrazide (3) (37%). The X-ray crystallography of 5,6,7,8-tetrafluoro-1-(2-nitrophenyl)-3-phenyl-1H-benzo[e][1,3,4]oxadiazine (5) is provided. Microwave irradiation (100 W) of perfluorophenylbenzohydrazide 3 with K2CO3 (1.1 equiv) in THF at ca. 120 °C (sealed tube, 80 PSI) for 3 h gives oxadiazine 5 (85%), while reduction of the nitro group using Sn (4 equiv) in glacial acetic acid at ca. 20 °C for 30 min, followed by cyclodehydration at ca. 118 °C for 20 min and treatment with 2 M NaOH for 24 h resulted in 1-(perfluorophenyl)-3-phenyl-1,2,4-benzotriazin-4-yl (4) with 93% yield. Full article
Open AccessShort Note
2,4-Bis[(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imino]-3-methylpentan-3-ol
Molbank 2018, 2018(2), M995; https://doi.org/10.3390/M995 -
Abstract
The compound 2,4-bis[(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imino]-3-methylpentan-3-ol was synthesized with a yield of approximately 80% by the reaction of 2,4-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenylimino)pentan-3-one with trimethylaluminum, which was followed by hydrolysis with an aqueous NaOH solution. A chemoselective addition to the C=O bond occurred in this reaction. The structure was confirmed
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The compound 2,4-bis[(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imino]-3-methylpentan-3-ol was synthesized with a yield of approximately 80% by the reaction of 2,4-bis(2,6-diisopropylphenylimino)pentan-3-one with trimethylaluminum, which was followed by hydrolysis with an aqueous NaOH solution. A chemoselective addition to the C=O bond occurred in this reaction. The structure was confirmed by X-ray crystallography. This new compound was also fully characterized by 1H, 13C-NMR spectroscopy and 1H-13C HSQC spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and elemental analysis. Full article
Open AccessShort Note
(E)-3-[4-(Pent-4-en-1-yloxy)phenyl]acrylicc Acid
Molbank 2018, 2018(2), M996; https://doi.org/10.3390/M996 -
Abstract
(E)-3-[4-(Pent-4-en-1-yloxy)phenyl]acetic acid is one of the useful components of liquid crystal materials which can be produced through Williamson ether synthesis by synthesizing 4-hydroxy-cinnamic acid and 5-bromo-1-pentene. Although Williamson ether synthesis is generally slow under conventional external heating conditions, microwave irradiation was
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(E)-3-[4-(Pent-4-en-1-yloxy)phenyl]acetic acid is one of the useful components of liquid crystal materials which can be produced through Williamson ether synthesis by synthesizing 4-hydroxy-cinnamic acid and 5-bromo-1-pentene. Although Williamson ether synthesis is generally slow under conventional external heating conditions, microwave irradiation was effective for significant acceleration of the etherification. Furthermore, we demonstrated the rapid and continuous synthesis of (E)-3-[4-(pent-4-en-1-yloxy)phenyl]acetic acid, using a microwave-assisted flow reactor developed by us, in which the blockage by salt precipitation was suppressed by the continuous addition of an aqueous methanol solution after the reaction cavity. Full article
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Open AccessShort Note
N-(1-Deoxy-α-d-tagatopyranos-1-yl)-N-methylaniline (“d-Tagatose-N-methylaniline”)
Molbank 2018, 2018(2), M994; https://doi.org/10.3390/M994 -
Abstract
Tagatosamines form in thermally-processed dairy products and contribute to the foods’ organoleptic and nutritional value. d-Tagatose-N-methylaniline (N-(1-deoxy-d-tagatos-1-yl)-N-methylaniline, 1-deoxy-1-(N-methylphenylamino)-d-tagatose) was synthesized from d-galactose via the Amadori rearrangement. In aqueous solution,
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Tagatosamines form in thermally-processed dairy products and contribute to the foods’ organoleptic and nutritional value. d-Tagatose-N-methylaniline (N-(1-deoxy-d-tagatos-1-yl)-N-methylaniline, 1-deoxy-1-(N-methylphenylamino)-d-tagatose) was synthesized from d-galactose via the Amadori rearrangement. In aqueous solution, it established an anomeric equilibrium consisting of 62.8% α-pyranose, 21.3% β-pyranose, 1.5% α-furanose, 8.1% β-furanose, and 6.2% acyclic keto tautomer. The crystalline α-pyranose anomer of d-tagatose-N-methylaniline adopted the 5C2 chair conformation. All hydroxyl and ring oxygen atoms and the amino nitrogen are involved in an extensive H-bonding network dominated by infinite homodromic chains. The Hirshfeld surface analysis suggests a significant contribution of non-polar intermolecular contacts to the crystal structure. Full article
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Open AccessFeature PaperShort Note
Octahydro-1H,5H,7H-dipyrrolo[1,2-c:1′,2′-f][1,3,6]oxadiazocine-5-thione
Molbank 2018, 2018(2), M993; https://doi.org/10.3390/M993 -
Abstract
A minor byproduct in the reaction of (S)-prolinol with thiophosgene in the presence of triethylamine is identified as a novel tricyclic dipyrrolidino-1,3,6-oxadiazocane-2-thione, the first example of such a ring system, and a representative of the uncommon, but useful 1,3,6-oxadiazocanes. A mechanism
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A minor byproduct in the reaction of (S)-prolinol with thiophosgene in the presence of triethylamine is identified as a novel tricyclic dipyrrolidino-1,3,6-oxadiazocane-2-thione, the first example of such a ring system, and a representative of the uncommon, but useful 1,3,6-oxadiazocanes. A mechanism is proposed for its formation. Full article
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Open AccessShort Note
1-Adamantylamidoxime
Molbank 2018, 2018(2), M992; https://doi.org/10.3390/M992 -
Abstract
The title compound was prepared by the nucleophilic addition of hydroxylamine over 1-cyanoadamantane. The poor reactivity of the nitrile substrate, due to its scarcely electrophilic nature, prompted the need to employ several activating conditions. Energy supply via conventional heating, ultrasound, and microwave irradiation
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The title compound was prepared by the nucleophilic addition of hydroxylamine over 1-cyanoadamantane. The poor reactivity of the nitrile substrate, due to its scarcely electrophilic nature, prompted the need to employ several activating conditions. Energy supply via conventional heating, ultrasound, and microwave irradiation did not lead to product formation. Therefore, Lewis acid catalysis was attempted. Initial tests with ZnCl2 led to product formation in poor yields. Conversely, the use of AlCl3 led to the formation of the desired amidoxime in the moderate yield, which was further increased to an excellent yield by performing the reaction in a more concentrated medium. The structural identity of the title compound was proven by spectroscopic methods (IR, NMR). This compound was later employed as a starting material for the synthesis of 3,5-disubstituted 1,2,4-oxadiazole derivatives as potential 11β-HSD1 inhibitors. Full article
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Open AccessCommunication
1-[1-(4-Chlorobenzenesulfonyl)-1H-indole-3-yl]-3-[4-(pyridin-2-yl)piperazin-1-yl]propan-1-one
Molbank 2018, 2018(2), M991; https://doi.org/10.3390/M991 -
Abstract
The title compound was prepared by an aza-Michael addition reaction between 1-[1-(4-chlorobenzenesulfonyl)-1H-indole-3-yl]prop-2-en-1-one and 2-piridylpiperazine catalyzed by SiO2. The structural identity of the title compound was proven by elemental analysis and spectroscopic methods (IR, NMR). The compound was assayed in
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The title compound was prepared by an aza-Michael addition reaction between 1-[1-(4-chlorobenzenesulfonyl)-1H-indole-3-yl]prop-2-en-1-one and 2-piridylpiperazine catalyzed by SiO2. The structural identity of the title compound was proven by elemental analysis and spectroscopic methods (IR, NMR). The compound was assayed in a binding assay at the 5-HT6 receptor, showing poor affinity. Full article
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Open AccessCommunication
Synthesis of 10-Methoxydiamantan-3-One
Molbank 2018, 2018(2), M990; https://doi.org/10.3390/M990 -
Abstract
The synthesis of diamondoids particles up to 1–5 nm, in order to detect the nanostructure in the construction of nanoelectronic devices, for which the present of quantum limitation effects are theoretically presaged, is at the present time problematic. Diamondoids have many important physical
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The synthesis of diamondoids particles up to 1–5 nm, in order to detect the nanostructure in the construction of nanoelectronic devices, for which the present of quantum limitation effects are theoretically presaged, is at the present time problematic. Diamondoids have many important physical characteristics, including rigidity, lipophilicity, low strain energy, etc. Diamantane and their derivatives are also interesting for the study of nanoparticles. The present study deals with the development of the new synthetic route and diamantine-containing precursor for McMurry coupling reactions. Full article
Open AccessShort Note
(Z)-4-[2-(3,4-Difluorophenyl)hydrazono]-3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5(4H)-one
Molbank 2018, 2018(2), M989; https://doi.org/10.3390/M989 -
Abstract
The title compound (Z)-4-[2-(3,4-difluorophenyl)hydrazono]-3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5(4H)-one 4 was synthesized by the reaction of ethyl 2-[2-(3,4-difluorophenyl)hydrazono]-3-oxobutanoate 3 with hydrazine hydrate. The diazotization of 3,4-difluoroaniline, followed by the treatment with ethyl acetoacetate, afforded intermediate 3. The synthesized compound 4 was
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The title compound (Z)-4-[2-(3,4-difluorophenyl)hydrazono]-3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5(4H)-one 4 was synthesized by the reaction of ethyl 2-[2-(3,4-difluorophenyl)hydrazono]-3-oxobutanoate 3 with hydrazine hydrate. The diazotization of 3,4-difluoroaniline, followed by the treatment with ethyl acetoacetate, afforded intermediate 3. The synthesized compound 4 was characterized by FTIR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and LCMS, and it showed synergistic anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative and antibacterial activities. Full article
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Open AccessShort Note
Cis,exo-1,2,3,4,4a,13b-hexahydro-1,4-methano-5-isopropoxy-9H-tribenzo[b,f]azepine
Molbank 2018, 2018(1), M988; https://doi.org/10.3390/M988 -
Abstract
The title compound—cis,exo-1,2,3,4,4a,13b-hexahydro-1,4-methano-5-isopropoxy-9H-tribenzo[b,f]azepine—was synthesized in 83% isolated yield by a palladium-catalyzed one-pot strategy from 1-iodo-2-isopropoxybenzene and ortho-bromoaniline. The azepine derivative was fully characterized (FT-IR, MS, 1H and 13C-NMR, elemental analysis)
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The title compound—cis,exo-1,2,3,4,4a,13b-hexahydro-1,4-methano-5-isopropoxy-9H-tribenzo[b,f]azepine—was synthesized in 83% isolated yield by a palladium-catalyzed one-pot strategy from 1-iodo-2-isopropoxybenzene and ortho-bromoaniline. The azepine derivative was fully characterized (FT-IR, MS, 1H and 13C-NMR, elemental analysis) and all proton and carbon signals have been completely assigned by 2D NMR experiments. Full article
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Open AccessFeature PaperShort Note
5,5′-Bis[5-(9-decyl-9H-carbazol-3-yl)thien-2-yl]-4H,4′H-[3,3′-bi(1,2,6-thiadiazine)]-4,4′-dione
Molbank 2018, 2018(1), M987; https://doi.org/10.3390/M987 -
Abstract
Stille coupling of 5,5′-dichloro-4H,4′H-[3,3′-bi(1,2,6-thiadiazine)]-4,4′-dione (8) with 9-decyl-3-[5-(tributylstannyl)thien-2-yl]-9H-carbazole and Pd(Ph3P)2Cl2 in PhMe, at ca. 110 °C, for 2 h, gave 5,5′-bis[5-(9-decyl-9H-carbazol-3-yl)thien-2-yl]-4H,4′H-[3,3′-bi(1,2,6-thiadiazine)]-4,4′-dione (7) in 51% yield. The latter is investigated as an oligomer donor for organic photovoltaics. Full article
Open AccessShort Note
1,3-Bis{[(E)-(9-ethyl-9H-carbazol-3-yl)methylene]amino}propan-2-ol
Molbank 2018, 2018(1), M986; https://doi.org/10.3390/M986 -
Abstract
Condensation of 1,3-diaminopropan-2-ol with 9-ethyl-9H-carbazole-3-carbaldehyde in absolute ethanol under stirring condition resulted in the formation of 1,3-bis{[(E)-(9-ethyl-9H-carbazol-3-yl)methylidene]amino}propan-2-ol within 0.5 in an excellent yield. The structure of the desired Schiff base was physically analyzed via CHN-elemental analysis, TOF-MS,
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Condensation of 1,3-diaminopropan-2-ol with 9-ethyl-9H-carbazole-3-carbaldehyde in absolute ethanol under stirring condition resulted in the formation of 1,3-bis{[(E)-(9-ethyl-9H-carbazol-3-yl)methylidene]amino}propan-2-ol within 0.5 in an excellent yield. The structure of the desired Schiff base was physically analyzed via CHN-elemental analysis, TOF-MS, UV-vis, FT-IR, and 1H & 13C-NMR. Computational studies of the structure were performed at the DFT/B3LYP/6-311++G(d) level of theory. Molecular electrostatic potential (MEP), Mulliken charge, IR-B3LYP, and structure optimization were performed. Full article
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Open AccessCommunication
Gold-Catalyzed Synthesis of 2-Sulfenylspiroindolenines via Spirocyclizations
Molbank 2018, 2018(1), M985; https://doi.org/10.3390/M985 -
Abstract
2-Phenylsulfenyl-N-propargyl tryptamines have been prepared by electrophilic sulfuration of the corresponding tryptamines. These compounds undergo gold-catalyzed spirocyclizations to the corresponding 2-phenylthiospiroindolenines in good yields. The compounds were analyzed by NMR experiments, infrared, mass spectra and X-ray diffraction. This method provides a
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2-Phenylsulfenyl-N-propargyl tryptamines have been prepared by electrophilic sulfuration of the corresponding tryptamines. These compounds undergo gold-catalyzed spirocyclizations to the corresponding 2-phenylthiospiroindolenines in good yields. The compounds were analyzed by NMR experiments, infrared, mass spectra and X-ray diffraction. This method provides a new efficient entry to the synthesis of 2-sulfenyl spiroindolic compounds. Full article
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Open AccessShort Note
1-Fluoro-2,5-dimethoxy-4-nitrobenzene
Molbank 2018, 2018(1), M984; https://doi.org/10.3390/M984 -
Abstract
1-Fluoro-2,5-dimethoxy-4-nitrobenzene was synthesized in 90% yield by the reaction of commercial 2-fluoro-1,4-dimethoxybenzene with nitric acid. The structure was confirmed by X-ray crystallography. The new title compound was characterized by 1H and 13C-NMR, elemental analysis, EI-MS and FT-IR. Full article
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Open AccessFeature PaperShort Note
Dimethyl 2,2′-[Carbonylbis(azanediyl)](2S,2′S)-bis[3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoate]
Molbank 2018, 2018(1), M983; https://doi.org/10.3390/M983 -
Abstract
The thus-far unknown ureic derivative dimethyl 2,2′-[carbonylbis(azanediyl)](2S,2′S)-bis[3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoate] has been efficiently synthesized by enantiospecific oxidative carbonylation of readily available l-tyrosine methyl ester, using a very simple catalytic system (PdI2 in conjunction with KI) under relatively mild conditions (100 °C
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The thus-far unknown ureic derivative dimethyl 2,2′-[carbonylbis(azanediyl)](2S,2′S)-bis[3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoate] has been efficiently synthesized by enantiospecific oxidative carbonylation of readily available l-tyrosine methyl ester, using a very simple catalytic system (PdI2 in conjunction with KI) under relatively mild conditions (100 °C for 5 h in DME as the solvent and under 20 atm of a 4:1 mixture CO-air). Full article
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Open AccessCommunication
A Novel Disulfide-Containing Polycationic Amphiphile: 1,28-Di[(cholest-5-en-3β-yl)disulfanyl]-4,25-dioxo-3,8,12,17,21,26-hexaazaoctacosane Tetrahydrochloride
Molbank 2018, 2018(1), M981; https://doi.org/10.3390/M981 -
Abstract
The absence of highly effective delivery systems is a major challenge for gene therapy. Our work was aimed at the development of novel cationic liposomes possessing high transfection efficiency. For this purpose, a novel disulfide polycationic amphiphile 2S4 was synthesized. Cationic liposomes based
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The absence of highly effective delivery systems is a major challenge for gene therapy. Our work was aimed at the development of novel cationic liposomes possessing high transfection efficiency. For this purpose, a novel disulfide polycationic amphiphile 2S4 was synthesized. Cationic liposomes based on 2S4 and a helper lipid DOPE were formed by the thin film hydration method and exhibited effective plasmid DNA delivery into the HEK293 cells, with a transfection activity superior to that of the commercial agent Lipofectamine® 2000. Our results suggest that the polycationic amphiphile 2S4 is a promising candidate for in vitro nucleic acid delivery. Full article
Open AccessShort Note
4,7-Dichloro[1,2,5]oxadiazolo[3,4-d]pyridazine 1-oxide
Molbank 2018, 2018(1), M982; https://doi.org/10.3390/M982 -
Abstract
Dihalogenated derivatives of [1,2,5]chalcogenadiazolo[3,4-d]pyridazines are of interest as precursors for both photovoltaic materials and biologically active compounds. In this communication, 4,7-dichloro[1,2,5]oxadiazolo[3,4-d]pyridazine 1-oxide was prepared via the reaction of 3,6-dichloro-5-nitropyridazin-4-amine with oxidizing agents; the best yield of the target compound
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Dihalogenated derivatives of [1,2,5]chalcogenadiazolo[3,4-d]pyridazines are of interest as precursors for both photovoltaic materials and biologically active compounds. In this communication, 4,7-dichloro[1,2,5]oxadiazolo[3,4-d]pyridazine 1-oxide was prepared via the reaction of 3,6-dichloro-5-nitropyridazin-4-amine with oxidizing agents; the best yield of the target compound was achieved in the reaction with (diacetoxyiodo)benzene in benzene by heating at reflux for two hours. The structure of the newly synthesized compound was established by means of 13C-NMR and IR spectroscopy, mass-spectrometry and elemental analysis. Full article
Open AccessCommunication
N-Vinylation of Imidazole and Benzimidazole with a Paramagnetic Vinyl Bromide
Molbank 2018, 2018(1), M980; https://doi.org/10.3390/M980 -
Abstract
An N-vinylation of imidazole and benzimidazole with a paramagnetic vinyl bromide was investigated. Among the tested procedures, Pd-catalyzed reaction was the most powerful one. The N-vinylation of 2-aminobenzimidazole with a β-bromo-α,β-unsaturated pyrroline nitroxide aldehyde offered 1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-1H-benzimidazo[1,2-a]pyrrolo[3,4-e
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An N-vinylation of imidazole and benzimidazole with a paramagnetic vinyl bromide was investigated. Among the tested procedures, Pd-catalyzed reaction was the most powerful one. The N-vinylation of 2-aminobenzimidazole with a β-bromo-α,β-unsaturated pyrroline nitroxide aldehyde offered 1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-1H-benzimidazo[1,2-a]pyrrolo[3,4-e]pyrimidin-2(3H)-yloxyl radical and the corresponding non-cyclized Schiff base. The reaction of a β-bromo-α,β-unsaturated pyrroline nitroxide aldehyde with imidazole gave β-imidazo-α,β-unsaturated pyrroline nitroxide aldehyde, which was reduced to the alcohol and converted to an unstable allyl chloride. Full article
Open AccessShort Note
5-Methyl-3,8-di-(2-amino-4-bromophenyl)-4,9-dioxa-1,2,6,7-tetraaza-5λ5-phosphaspiro[4.4]nona-2,7-diene
Molbank 2018, 2018(1), M978; https://doi.org/10.3390/M978 -
Abstract
5-Methyl-3,8-di-(2-amino-4-bromophenyl)-4,9-dioxa-1,2,6,7-tetraaza-5λ5-phosphaspiro[4.4]nona-2,7-diene was obtained by condensation of 2-amino-5-bromobenzohydrazide and methylphosphonyl dichloride in the presence of triethylamine. An initial biological screening was performed for the resulting product. The synthesized compound showed relatively strong cytotoxic activity, which was, however, similar for cancer and non-cancer
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5-Methyl-3,8-di-(2-amino-4-bromophenyl)-4,9-dioxa-1,2,6,7-tetraaza-5λ5-phosphaspiro[4.4]nona-2,7-diene was obtained by condensation of 2-amino-5-bromobenzohydrazide and methylphosphonyl dichloride in the presence of triethylamine. An initial biological screening was performed for the resulting product. The synthesized compound showed relatively strong cytotoxic activity, which was, however, similar for cancer and non-cancer cell lines. Full article
Open AccessCommunication
N-(4-Bromobenzyl)-2-(5,6-dimethyl-1H-benzo[d]imid-azol-2-yl)benzeneamine
Molbank 2018, 2018(1), M979; https://doi.org/10.3390/M979 -
Abstract
N-(4-Bromobenzyl)-2-(5,6-dimethyl-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)benzeneamine was obtained by condensation of N-(4-bromobenzyl)-3,1-benzoxazine-2,4-dione (N-(4-bromobenzyl)isatoic anhydride) with 4,5-dimethyl-1,2-phenylenediamine in refluxing acetic acid. This is a rare example of condensation of N-substituted 3,1-benzoxazine-2,4-dione with 1,2-phenylenediamine, which resulted in the formation of a
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N-(4-Bromobenzyl)-2-(5,6-dimethyl-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)benzeneamine was obtained by condensation of N-(4-bromobenzyl)-3,1-benzoxazine-2,4-dione (N-(4-bromobenzyl)isatoic anhydride) with 4,5-dimethyl-1,2-phenylenediamine in refluxing acetic acid. This is a rare example of condensation of N-substituted 3,1-benzoxazine-2,4-dione with 1,2-phenylenediamine, which resulted in the formation of a benzimidazole derivative with a moderate yield. Crystallographic studies and initial biological screening were performed for the obtained product. Full article
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