Abstract: A novel hybrid nanocomposite, PMo11V@N-doped few layer graphene, was prepared by a one-step protocol through direct immobilization of the tetrabutylammonium salt of a vanadium-substituted phosphomolybdate (PMo11V) onto N-doped few layer graphene (N-FLG). The nanocomposite characterization by FTIR and XPS confirmed its successful synthesis. Glassy carbon modified electrodes with PMo11V and PMo11V@N-FLG showed cyclic voltammograms consistent with surface-confined redox processes attributed to Mo-centred reductions (MoVI→MoV) and a vanadium reduction (VV→VIV). Furthermore, PMo11V@N-FLG modified electrodes showed good stability and well-resolved redox peaks with high current intensities. The observed enhancement of PMo11V electrochemical properties is a consequence of a strong electronic communication between the POM and the N-doped few layer graphene. Additionally, the electro-catalytic and sensing properties towards acetaminophen (AC) and theophylline (TP) were evaluated by voltammetric techniques using a glassy carbon electrode modified with PMo11V@N-FLG. Under the conditions used, the square wave voltammetric peak current increased linearly with AC concentration in the presence of TP, but showing two linear ranges: 1.2 × 10−6 to 1.2 × 10−4 and 1.2 × 10−4 to 4.8 × 10−4 mol dm−3, with different AC sensitivity values, 0.022 A/mol dm−3 and 0.035 A/mol dm−3, respectively (detection limit, DL = 7.5 × 10−7 mol dm−3).
Abstract: This short review summarizes our contribution to the coordination chemistry of noble metals (organometallic fragments of Rh, Ir, Ru and hydroxo Pt(IV)) and polyoxocomplexes of niobium and tantalum.
Abstract: Starting very early, with the findings of Zeise, or Pope and Peachey, organoplatinum complexes were studied intensely in the 1970s and 1980s and were found to be quite stable and very versatile. From then on, the number of publications on organoplatinum complexes has more than doubled in each subsequent decade, and organoplatinum complexes have stretched into many fields of application today. This introduction to the Special Issue on “Organoplatinum Complexes” spans from the history of organoplatinum complexes to the seven manuscripts published in the frame of this Special Issue, representing some of these fields.
Abstract: Gold is emerging as a potential therapeutic agent in the treatment of arthritis, cancer and AIDS. The therapeutic mechanism of arthritic gold drugs and their modification in the presence of stomach hydrochloric acid, in the joints, and in the presence of mild and strong oxidizing agents is a matter of debate. It is believed that gold affects the entire immune response and reduces its potency and limits its oxidizing nature. DNA apparently is not the main target of gold in cancer treatment. Rheumatoid arthritis, cancer, heart diseases and recently AIDS have all been targeted with gold nanoparticles therapy. The era of gold nanoparticles started with cancer imaging and treatment studies. Gold nanoparticles have emerged as smart drug vehicles.
Abstract: The five coordinate organoplatinum complex [Pt(bpy)(cod)(Me)][SbF6] (cod = 1,5-cyclooctadiene, bpy = 2,2’-bipyridine) was obtained reacting [Pt(cod)(Me)Cl] with Ag[SbF6] and bpy and characterized by multiple spectroscopy (IR and NMR) and single crystal XRD. Although the application of the τ values for the discrimination between trigonal bipyramidal vs. square pyramidal coordination fails, the molecular structure can be unequivocally described as basally-distorted trigonal bipyramidal. Detailed multinuclear NMR spectroscopy in solution at ambient temperature gives strong evidence for the same structure; corresponding low-temperature measurements down to −70 °C revealed no marked dynamic processes.
Abstract: The synthesis of complex functional inorganic materials, such as oxides, can be successfully performed by using microwave irradiation as the source of heat. To achieve this, different routes and set-ups can be used: microwave-assisted synthesis may proceed in the solid state or in solution, aqueous or not, and the set ups may be as simple and accessible as domestic oven or quite sophisticated laboratory equipment. An obvious advantage of this innovative methodology is the considerable reduction in time—minutes rather than hours or days—and, as a consequence, energy saving. No less important is the fact that the particle growth is inhibited and the broad variety of different microwave or microwave-assisted synthesis techniques opens up opportunities for the preparation of inorganic nanoparticles and nanostructures. In this work, various microwave synthesis techniques have been employed: solid-state microwaves, single-mode microwaves using a TE10p cavity and microwave-assisted hydrothermal synthesis. Relevant examples are presented and discussed.