Information2015, 6(2), 122-133; doi:10.3390/info6020122 - published 27 March 2015 Show/Hide Abstract
Abstract: Aiming at the common problems of intelligent document platform-dependency, this paper proposes an MVC-based (Model View Controller-based) intelligent document model using UIML (User Interface Markup Language). The model is made on the basis of the previous work of our team, and the difference is that the new model separates user interface and interaction descriptions from the view component to make the intelligent document model much more independent of platform and programming language. To verify the intelligent document model, we implemented a prototype, which can support intelligent operations. The test result shows that our approach is correct. The model not only follows MVC framework, but also provides good flexibility and independence.
Information2015, 6(2), 111-121; doi:10.3390/info6020111 - published 27 March 2015 Show/Hide Abstract
Abstract: Taking both OOXML and UOF standards as examples, we empirically evaluate the interoperability of office document formats from the view of translation practice. With the aim of covering the complete feature set of OOXML and UOF, a novel UOF-Open XML Translator is developed in this study. Thorough experiments demonstrate that our translator implements bidirectional conversion of 80.4% features perfectly and 9.9% features with acceptable discrepancy. Regarding the remaining 9.7% features, more efforts would be taken in future work.
Information2015, 6(1), 89-110; doi:10.3390/info6010089 - published 13 March 2015 Show/Hide Abstract
Abstract: Companies are facing cut throat competition and are forced to continuously perform better than their competitors. In order to enhance their position in the competitive world, organizations are improving at a faster pace. Industrial organizations must be used to the new ideals, such as innovation. Today, innovative design in the development of new products has become a core value in most companies, while innovation is recognized as the main driving force in the market. This work applies the Russian theory of inventive problem-solving, TRIZ and the fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (FAHP) to design a new shape for machine tools. TRIZ offers several concepts and tools to facilitate concept creation and problem-solving, while FAHP is employed as a decision support tool that can adequately represent qualitative and subjective assessments under the multiple criteria decision-making environment. In the machine tools industry, this is the first study to develop an innovative design under the concept of lean production. We used TRIZ to propose the relevant principles to the shape’s design with the innovative design consideration and also used FAHP to evaluate and select the best feasible alternative from independent factors based on a multiple criteria decision-making environment. To develop a scientific method based on the lean production concept in order to design a new product and improve the old designing process is the contribution of this research.
Information2015, 6(1), 69-88; doi:10.3390/info6010069 - published 10 March 2015 Show/Hide Abstract
Abstract: Analysis of urban saturated power loads is helpful to coordinate urban power grid construction and economic social development. There are two different kinds of forecasting models: the logistic curve model focuses on the growth law of the data itself, while the multi-dimensional forecasting model considers several influencing factors as the input variables. To improve forecasting performance, a novel combined forecasting model for saturated power load analysis was proposed in this paper, which combined the above two models. Meanwhile, the weights of these two models in the combined forecasting model were optimized by employing a fruit fly optimization algorithm. Using Hubei Province as the example, the effectiveness of the proposed combined forecasting model was verified, demonstrating a higher forecasting accuracy. The analysis result shows that the power load of Hubei Province will reach saturation in 2039, and the annual maximum power load will reach about 78,630 MW. The results obtained from this proposed hybrid urban saturated power load analysis model can serve as a reference for sustainable development for urban power grids, regional economies, and society at large.
Information2015, 6(1), 49-68; doi:10.3390/info6010049 - published 27 February 2015 Show/Hide Abstract
Abstract: In order to realize the fault diagnosis of the polyvinyl chloride (PVC) polymerization kettle reactor, a rough set (RS)–probabilistic neural networks (PNN) fault diagnosis strategy is proposed. Firstly, through analysing the technique of the PVC polymerization reactor, the mapping between the polymerization process data and the fault modes is established. Then, the rough set theory is used to tackle the input vector of PNN so as to reduce the network dimensionality and improve the training speed of PNN. Shuffled frog leaping algorithm (SFLA) is adopted to optimize the smoothing factor of PNN. The fault pattern classification of polymerization kettle equipment is to realize the nonlinear mapping from symptom set to fault set according to the given symptom set. Finally, the fault diagnosis simulation experiments are conducted by combining with the industrial on-site historical datum of polymerization kettle, and the results show that the RS–PNN fault diagnosis strategy is effective.
Information2015, 6(1), 23-48; doi:10.3390/info6010023 - published 27 January 2015 Show/Hide Abstract
Abstract: This paper builds an integrated framework of measures of information based on the Model for Information (MfI) developed by the author. Since truth is expressed using information, an analysis of truth depends on the nature of information and its limitations. These limitations include those implied by the geometry of information and those implied by the relativity of information. This paper proposes an approach to truth and truthlikeness that takes these limitations into account by incorporating measures of the quality of information. Another measure of information is the amount of information. This has played a role in two important theoretical difficulties—the Bar-Hillel Carnap paradox and the “scandal of deduction”. This paper further provides an analysis of the amount of information, based on MfI, and shows how the MfI approach can resolve these difficulties.