Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Gas Source Techniques for Molecular Beam Epitaxy of Highly Mismatched Ge Alloys
Crystals 2016, 6(12), 159; doi:10.3390/cryst6120159 -
Abstract
Ge and its alloys are attractive candidates for a laser compatible with silicon integrated circuits. Dilute germanium carbide (Ge1−xCx) offers a particularly interesting prospect. By using a precursor gas with a Ge4C core, C can be preferentially
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Ge and its alloys are attractive candidates for a laser compatible with silicon integrated circuits. Dilute germanium carbide (Ge1−xCx) offers a particularly interesting prospect. By using a precursor gas with a Ge4C core, C can be preferentially incorporated in substitutional sites, suppressing interstitial and C cluster defects. We present a method of reproducible and upscalable gas synthesis of tetrakis(germyl)methane, or (H3Ge)4C, followed by the design of a hybrid gas/solid-source molecular beam epitaxy system and subsequent growth of defect-free Ge1−xCx by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). Secondary ion mass spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and contactless electroreflectance confirm the presence of carbon with very high crystal quality resulting in a decrease in the direct bandgap energy. This technique has broad applicability to growth of highly mismatched alloys by MBE. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
In Situ Studies on Phase Transitions of Tris(acetylacetonato)-Aluminum(III) Al(acac)3
Crystals 2016, 6(12), 157; doi:10.3390/cryst6120157 -
Abstract
In situ investigations on the nucleation and crystallization processes are essential for understanding of the formation of solids. Hence, the results of such experiments are prerequisites for the rational synthesis of solid materials. The in situ approach allows the detection of precursors, intermediates,
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In situ investigations on the nucleation and crystallization processes are essential for understanding of the formation of solids. Hence, the results of such experiments are prerequisites for the rational synthesis of solid materials. The in situ approach allows the detection of precursors, intermediates, and/or polymorphs, which are mainly missed in applying ex situ experiments. With a newly developed crystallization cell, simultaneous in situ experiments with X-ray diffraction (XRD) and luminescence analysis are possible, also monitoring several other reaction parameters. Here, the crystallization of the model system tris(acetylacetonato)-aluminum(III) Al(acac)3 was investigated. In the time-resolved in situ XRD patterns, two polymorphs of Al(acac)3, the α- and the γ-phase, were detected at room temperature and the influence of the pH value onto the product formation was studied. Moreover, changes in the emission of Al(acac)3 and the light transmission of the solution facilitated monitoring the reaction by in situ luminescence. The first results demonstrate the potential of the cell to be advantageous for controlling and monitoring several reaction parameters during the crystallization process. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
A Hierarchically Micro-Meso-Macroporous Zeolite CaA for Methanol Conversion to Dimethyl Ether
Crystals 2016, 6(11), 155; doi:10.3390/cryst6110155 -
Abstract
A hierarchical zeolite CaA with microporous, mesoporous and macroporous structure was hydrothermally synthesized by a ”Bond-Blocking” method using organo-functionalized mesoporous silica (MS) as a silica source. The characterization by XRD, SEM/TEM and N2 adsorption/desorption techniques showed that the prepared material had well-crystalline
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A hierarchical zeolite CaA with microporous, mesoporous and macroporous structure was hydrothermally synthesized by a ”Bond-Blocking” method using organo-functionalized mesoporous silica (MS) as a silica source. The characterization by XRD, SEM/TEM and N2 adsorption/desorption techniques showed that the prepared material had well-crystalline zeolite Linde Type A (LTA) topological structure, microspherical particle morphologies, and hierarchically intracrystalline micro-meso-macropores structure. With the Bond-Blocking principle, the external surface area and macro-mesoporosity of the hierarchical zeolite CaA can be adjusted by varying the organo-functionalized degree of the mesoporous silica surface. Similarly, the distribution of the micro-meso-macroporous structure in the zeolite CaA can be controlled purposely. Compared with the conventional microporous zeolite CaA, the hierarchical zeolite CaA as a catalyst in the conversion of methanol to dimethyl ether (DME), exhibited complete DME selectivity and stable catalytic activity with high methanol conversion. The catalytic performances of the hierarchical zeolite CaA results clearly from the micro-meso-macroporous structure, improving diffusion properties, favoring the access to the active surface and avoiding secondary reactions (no hydrocarbon products were detected after 3 h of reaction). Full article
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Open AccessReview
Topological Insulator Film Growth by Molecular Beam Epitaxy: A Review
Crystals 2016, 6(11), 154; doi:10.3390/cryst6110154 -
Abstract
In this article, we will review recent progress in the growth of topological insulator (TI) thin films by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). The materials we focus on are the V2-VI3 family of TIs. These materials are ideally bulk insulating with
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In this article, we will review recent progress in the growth of topological insulator (TI) thin films by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). The materials we focus on are the V2-VI3 family of TIs. These materials are ideally bulk insulating with surface states housing Dirac excitations which are spin-momentum locked. These surface states are interesting for fundamental physics studies (such as the search for Majorana fermions) as well as applications in spintronics and other fields. However, the majority of TI films and bulk crystals exhibit significant bulk conductivity, which obscures these states. In addition, many TI films have a high defect density. This review will discuss progress in reducing the bulk conductivity while increasing the crystal quality. We will describe in detail how growth parameters, substrate choice, and growth technique influence the resulting TI film properties for binary and ternary TIs. We then give an overview of progress in the growth of TI heterostructures. We close by discussing the bright future for TI film growth by MBE. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Controllable Hydrothermal Conversion from Ni-Co-Mn Carbonate Nanoparticles to Microspheres
Crystals 2016, 6(11), 156; doi:10.3390/cryst6110156 -
Abstract
Starting from Ni-Co-Mn carbonate nanoparticles prepared by microreaction technology, uniform spherical particles of Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3CO3 with a size of 3–4 μm were obtained by a controllable hydrothermal conversion with the addition of (NH4)2CO
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Starting from Ni-Co-Mn carbonate nanoparticles prepared by microreaction technology, uniform spherical particles of Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3CO3 with a size of 3–4 μm were obtained by a controllable hydrothermal conversion with the addition of (NH4)2CO3. Based on characterizations on the evolution of morphology and composition with hydrothermal treatment time, we clarified the mechanism of this novel method as a dissolution-recrystallization process, as well as the effects of (NH4)2CO3 concentration on the morphology and composition of particles. By changing concentrations and the ratio of the starting materials for nano-precipitation preparation, we achieved monotonic regulation on the size of the spherical particles, and the synthesis of Ni0.4Co0.2Mn0.4CO3 and Ni0.5Co0.2Mn0.3CO3, respectively. In addition, the spherical particles with a core-shell structure were preliminarily verified to be available by introducing nano-precipitates with different compositions in the hydrothermal treatment in sequence. Full article
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Open AccessReview
Elasto-Dynamics of Quasicrystals
Crystals 2016, 6(11), 152; doi:10.3390/cryst6110152 -
Abstract
A review on elasto-dynamics of quasicrystals (QCs) and their applications based on mathematical elasticity is given. In this study, recent studies on elasto-dynamics of QCs are reviewed, in which the focus of the problem lies in the role of phason variables and the
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A review on elasto-dynamics of quasicrystals (QCs) and their applications based on mathematical elasticity is given. In this study, recent studies on elasto-dynamics of QCs are reviewed, in which the focus of the problem lies in the role of phason variables and the coupling effect between phonons and phasons in the dynamic deformation process. On summarizing and describing the development of the elastic dynamics of QCs, this review mainly presents theelasto-dynamics of QCs and their application in a variety of research areas, ranging from problems with different QCs, including one-, two-, and three-dimensional QCs to various coupling problems. The plane elasticity and anti-plane elasticity of quasicrystals are included in this review. Full article
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Open AccessTechnical Note
Synthesis and Crystallographic Characterization of a Maleimide Derivative of Tryptamine
Crystals 2016, 6(11), 153; doi:10.3390/cryst6110153 -
Abstract
While mechanosynthesis of the target compound, 1-[2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-ethyl]-pyrrole-2,5-dione, C14 H12 N2 O2, did not yield the desired product, it instead resulted in an open intermediate. On the other hand, synthesis starting from the activated maleic anhydride yielded
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While mechanosynthesis of the target compound, 1-[2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-ethyl]-pyrrole-2,5-dione, C14 H12 N2 O2, did not yield the desired product, it instead resulted in an open intermediate. On the other hand, synthesis starting from the activated maleic anhydride yielded the final maleimide compound. The outcome of the mechanosynthesis has been evaluated by powder X-ray diffraction, and structures of both the final product and open intermediate have been confirmed using single-crystal crystallography. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
E’’ Raman Mode in Thermal Strain-Fractured CVD-MoS2
Crystals 2016, 6(11), 151; doi:10.3390/cryst6110151 -
Abstract
Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) has recently attracted considerable interests due to its unique properties and potential applications. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method is used widely to grow large-area and high-quality MoS2 single crystals. Here, we report our investigation on thermal strain-fractured
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Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) has recently attracted considerable interests due to its unique properties and potential applications. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method is used widely to grow large-area and high-quality MoS2 single crystals. Here, we report our investigation on thermal strain-fractured (SF) single crystalline MoS2, oxidation-fractured MoS2, and normal MoS2 by atomic force microscopy (AFM), Raman and photoluminescence (PL) measurements. Several new Raman modes are observed for SF-MoS2. The band gap of SF-MoS2 is enlarged by 150 meV and the PL intensity is reduced substantially. These results imply that a structural transformation occurs in SF-MoS2. Our findings here are useful for the design of MoS2-based nanocatalysts with relative high catalytic activity. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Temperature-Dependent X-ray Diffraction Measurements of Infrared Superlattices Grown by MBE
Crystals 2016, 6(11), 150; doi:10.3390/cryst6110150 -
Abstract
Strained-layer superlattices (SLSs) are an active research topic in the molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) and infrared focal plane array communities. These structures undergo a >500 K temperature change between deposition and operation. As a result, the lattice constants of the substrate and superlattice
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Strained-layer superlattices (SLSs) are an active research topic in the molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) and infrared focal plane array communities. These structures undergo a >500 K temperature change between deposition and operation. As a result, the lattice constants of the substrate and superlattice are expected to change by approximately 0.3%, and at approximately the same rate. However, we present the first temperature-dependent X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements of SLS material on GaSb and show that the superlattice does not contract in the same manner as the substrate. In both InAs/InAs0.65Sb0.35 and In0.8Ga0.2As/InAs0.65Sb0.35 SLS structures, the apparent out-of-plane strain states of the superlattices switch from tensile at deposition to compressive at operation. These changes have ramifications for material characterization, defect generation, carrier lifetime, and overall device performance of superlattices grown by MBE. Full article
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Open AccessReview
A Review on the Fabrication of Hierarchical ZnO Nanostructures for Photocatalysis Application
Crystals 2016, 6(11), 148; doi:10.3390/cryst6110148 -
Abstract
Semiconductor photocatalysis provides potential solutions for many energy and environmental-related issues. Recently, various semiconductors with hierarchical nanostructures have been fabricated to achieve efficient photocatalysts owing to their multiple advantages, such as high surface area, porous structures, as well as enhanced light harvesting. ZnO
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Semiconductor photocatalysis provides potential solutions for many energy and environmental-related issues. Recently, various semiconductors with hierarchical nanostructures have been fabricated to achieve efficient photocatalysts owing to their multiple advantages, such as high surface area, porous structures, as well as enhanced light harvesting. ZnO has been widely investigated and considered as the most promising alternative photocatalyst to TiO2. Herein, we present a review on the fabrication methods, growth mechanisms and photocatalytic applications of hierarchical ZnO nanostructures. Various synthetic strategies and growth mechanisms, including multistep sequential growth routes, template-based synthesis, template-free self-organization and precursor or self-templating strategies, are highlighted. In addition, the fabrication of multicomponent ZnO-based nanocomposites with hierarchical structures is also included. Finally, the application of hierarchical ZnO nanostructures and nanocomposites in typical photocatalytic reactions, such as pollutant degradation and H2 evolution, is reviewed. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Structural and Quantitative Investigation of Perovskite Pore Filling in Mesoporous Metal Oxides
Crystals 2016, 6(11), 149; doi:10.3390/cryst6110149 -
Abstract
In recent years, hybrid organic–inorganic perovskite light absorbers have attracted much attention in the field of solar cells due to their optoelectronic characteristics that enable high power conversion efficiencies. Perovskite-based solar cells’ efficiency has increased dramatically from 3.8% to more than 20% in
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In recent years, hybrid organic–inorganic perovskite light absorbers have attracted much attention in the field of solar cells due to their optoelectronic characteristics that enable high power conversion efficiencies. Perovskite-based solar cells’ efficiency has increased dramatically from 3.8% to more than 20% in just a few years, making them a promising low-cost alternative for photovoltaic applications. The deposition of perovskite into a mesoporous metal oxide is an influential factor affecting solar cell performance. Full coverage and pore filling into the porous metal oxide are important issues in the fabrication of highly-efficient mesoporous perovskite solar cells. In this work, we carry out a structural and quantitative investigation of CH3NH3PbI3 pore filling deposited via sequential two-step deposition into two different mesoporous metal oxides—TiO2 and Al2O3. We avoid using a hole conductor in the perovskite solar cells studied in this work to eliminate undesirable end results. Filling oxide pores with perovskite was characterized by Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS) in Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) on cross-sectional focused ion beam (FIB) lamellae. Complete pore filling of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite into the metal oxide pores was observed down to X-depth, showing the presence of Pb and I inside the pores. The observations reported in this work are particularly important for mesoporous Al2O3 perovskite solar cells, as pore filling is essential for the operation of this solar cell structure. This work presents structural and quantitative proof of complete pore filling into mesoporous perovskite-based solar cells, substantiating their high power conversion efficiency. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Development of a CA-FVM Model with Weakened Mesh Anisotropy and Application to Fe–C Alloy
Crystals 2016, 6(11), 147; doi:10.3390/cryst6110147 -
Abstract
In order to match the growth of the decentered square and the evolution of the interface cell in a two-dimensional cellular automaton-finite volume method (CA-FVM) model with decentered square algorithm, the present work first alters the determination of the half length of the
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In order to match the growth of the decentered square and the evolution of the interface cell in a two-dimensional cellular automaton-finite volume method (CA-FVM) model with decentered square algorithm, the present work first alters the determination of the half length of the square diagonal according to the preferential growth orientation, and then modifies the interface evolution considering the contribution of neighboring solid cells. Accordingly, the sharp interface (physical basis of the model), the growth orientation, and the growth consistence are reasonably guaranteed. The CA-FVM model presents some capabilities in predicting the free growth of equiaxed dendrites. With the increase of the cooling rate, the solidification structure gradually changes from cell to dendrite, and the solute segregation becomes more severe. Meanwhile, the predicted solute segregation under the intensive cooling condition is consistent with the calculation by Ueshima model at the initial solidification stage. The predicted competition behavior of columnar dendrites is qualitatively consistent with the observation in the continuously cast steel billet. The predicted dendrite arm spacings are close to the measurements. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Influence of Phase Transformations on Crystal Growth of Stoichiometric Brownmillerite Oxides: Sr2ScGaO5 and Ca2Fe2O5
Crystals 2016, 6(11), 146; doi:10.3390/cryst6110146 -
Abstract
High quality stoichiometric brownmillerite-type oxide single crystals have been successfully grown by the floating zone method using a mirror furnace. We report here on the growth conditions and structural characterization of two model compounds: Ca2Fe2O5 and Sr2
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High quality stoichiometric brownmillerite-type oxide single crystals have been successfully grown by the floating zone method using a mirror furnace. We report here on the growth conditions and structural characterization of two model compounds: Ca2Fe2O5 and Sr2ScGaO5. Both show oxygen deficiency with respect to the average perovskite structure, and are promising candidates for oxygen ion conductivity at moderate temperatures. While Sr2ScGaO5 single crystals were obtained in the cubic oxygen-deficient perovskite structure, Ca2Fe2O5 crystallizes in the brownmillerite framework. Having no cubic parent high temperature counterpart, Ca2Fe2O5 crystals were found to be not twinned. We report on structural characterization of the as-grown single crystals by neutron and X-ray diffraction, as well as scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with EDX (Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy) analysis and isotope exchange experiments. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Shear-Thinning Characteristics of Nematic Liquid Crystals Doped with Nanoparticles
Crystals 2016, 6(11), 145; doi:10.3390/cryst6110145 -
Abstract
This work investigated changes in the physical properties of nematic liquid crystals (NLCs) upon doping with nanoparticles. Shear viscosity measurements demonstrated the shear-thinning of typical NLCs following the addition of small amounts of nanoparticles at approximately 1 wt. %. However, neither the birefringence
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This work investigated changes in the physical properties of nematic liquid crystals (NLCs) upon doping with nanoparticles. Shear viscosity measurements demonstrated the shear-thinning of typical NLCs following the addition of small amounts of nanoparticles at approximately 1 wt. %. However, neither the birefringence nor the dielectric anisotropy was significantly affected at these levels of doping. The shear-thinning appears to result from the locally ordered alignment of the NLCs in the vicinity of the nanoparticles rather than from reductions in the bulk order parameters. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Interplay Effect of Excitation and Temperature on Carrier Transfer between Vertically Aligned InAs/GaAs Quantum Dot Pairs
Crystals 2016, 6(11), 144; doi:10.3390/cryst6110144 -
Abstract
Carrier transfer in vertically-coupled InAs/GaAs quantum dot (QD) pairs is investigated. Photoluminescence (PL) and PL excitation spectra measured at low temperature indicate that the PL peak intensity ratio between the emission from the two sets of QDs—i.e., the relative population of carriers between
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Carrier transfer in vertically-coupled InAs/GaAs quantum dot (QD) pairs is investigated. Photoluminescence (PL) and PL excitation spectra measured at low temperature indicate that the PL peak intensity ratio between the emission from the two sets of QDs—i.e., the relative population of carriers between the two layers of QDs—changes with increasing excitation intensity. Temperature-dependent PL reveals unexpected non-monotonic variations in the peak wavelength and linewidth of the seed layer of QDs with temperature. The PL intensity ratio exhibits a “W” behavior with respect to the temperature due to the interplay between temperature and excitation intensity on the inter-layer carrier transfer. Full article
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Open AccessReview
Dirac Cones in Graphene, Interlayer Interaction in Layered Materials, and the Band Gap in MoS2
Crystals 2016, 6(11), 143; doi:10.3390/cryst6110143 -
Abstract
The 2D outlook of graphene and similar layers has initiated a number of theoretical considerations of electronic structure that are both interesting and exciting, but applying these ideas to real layered systems, in terms of a model 2D system, must be done with
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The 2D outlook of graphene and similar layers has initiated a number of theoretical considerations of electronic structure that are both interesting and exciting, but applying these ideas to real layered systems, in terms of a model 2D system, must be done with extreme care. In the present review, we will discuss the applicability of the 2D concept with examples of peculiarities of electronic structures and interactions in particular layered systems: (i) Dirac points and cones in graphene; (ii) van der Waals interaction between MoS2 monolayers; and (iii) the issue of a 2D screening in estimates of the band gap for MoS2 monolayers. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Polarized Light Microscopy Study on the Reentrant Phase Transition in a (Ba1 – xKx)Fe2As2 Single Crystal with x = 0.24
Crystals 2016, 6(11), 142; doi:10.3390/cryst6110142 -
Abstract
A sequence of structural/magnetic transitions on cooling is reported in the literature for hole-doped iron-based superconductor (Ba1 − xKx)Fe2As2 with x = 0.24. By using polarized light microscopy, we directly observe the formation of orthorhombic domains
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A sequence of structural/magnetic transitions on cooling is reported in the literature for hole-doped iron-based superconductor (Ba1 − xKx)Fe2As2 with x = 0.24. By using polarized light microscopy, we directly observe the formation of orthorhombic domains in (Ba1 − xKx)Fe2As2 (x = 0.24) single crystal below a temperature of simultaneous structural/magnetic transition TN ~ 80 K. The structural domains vanish below ~30 K, but reappear below T = 15 K. Our results are consistent with reentrance transformation sequence from high-temperature tetragonal (HTT) to low temperature orthorhombic (LTO1) structure at TN ~ 80 K, LTO1 to low temperature tetragonal (LTT) structure at Tc ~ 25 K, and LTT to low temperature orthorhombic (LTO2) structure at T ~ 15 K. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Determination of the Projected Atomic Potential by Deconvolution of the Auto-Correlation Function of TEM Electron Nano-Diffraction Patterns
Crystals 2016, 6(11), 141; doi:10.3390/cryst6110141 -
Abstract
We present a novel method to determine the projected atomic potential of a specimen directly from transmission electron microscopy coherent electron nano-diffraction patterns, overcoming common limitations encountered so far due to the dynamical nature of electron-matter interaction. The projected potential is obtained by
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We present a novel method to determine the projected atomic potential of a specimen directly from transmission electron microscopy coherent electron nano-diffraction patterns, overcoming common limitations encountered so far due to the dynamical nature of electron-matter interaction. The projected potential is obtained by deconvolution of the inverse Fourier transform of experimental diffraction patterns rescaled in intensity by using theoretical values of the kinematical atomic scattering factors. This novelty enables the compensation of dynamical effects typical of transmission electron microscopy (TEM) experiments on standard specimens with thicknesses up to a few tens of nm. The projected atomic potentials so obtained are averaged on sample regions illuminated by nano-sized electron probes and are in good quantitative agreement with theoretical expectations. Contrary to lens-based microscopy, here the spatial resolution in the retrieved projected atomic potential profiles is related to the finer lattice spacing measured in the electron diffraction pattern. The method has been successfully applied to experimental nano-diffraction data of crystalline centrosymmetric and non-centrosymmetric specimens achieving a resolution of 65 pm. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Facile Synthesis, Characterization, and Visible-light Photocatalytic Activities of 3D Hierarchical Bi2S3 Architectures Assembled by Nanoplatelets
Crystals 2016, 6(11), 140; doi:10.3390/cryst6110140 -
Abstract
3D hierarchical Bi2S3 architectures have been successfully synthesized via a simple and effective hydrothermal process. The as-prepared Bi2S3 samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), nitrogen adsorption- desorption isotherms,
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3D hierarchical Bi2S3 architectures have been successfully synthesized via a simple and effective hydrothermal process. The as-prepared Bi2S3 samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), nitrogen adsorption- desorption isotherms, and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectrum (DRS). The observation of field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) images showed that numerous nanoplatelets are randomly arranged and interconnected with each other, which are assembled into 3D hierarchical Bi2S3 architectures. The photocatalytic activity of the as-prepared Bi2S3 samples was evaluated by the degradation of Rhodamine B (RhB) under visible light irradiation. The effect of hydrothermal temperature, reaction time, pH value and shape on the photocatalytic efficiency of the as-prepared Bi2S3 samples was investigated. The results showed that 3D hierarchical Bi2S3 architectures prepared at 165 °C for 12 h at a pH of 2.4 exhibits high photocatalytic efficiency, which could be ascribed to the synergetic effect of the shape, surface area, crystallinity, band gap and crystalline size. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Synthesis, Crystal Structure and Thermal Stability of 1D Linear Silver(I) Coordination Polymers with 1,1,2,2-Tetra(pyrazol-1-yl)ethane
Crystals 2016, 6(11), 138; doi:10.3390/cryst6110138 -
Abstract
Two new linear silver(I) nitrate coordination polymers with bitopic ligand 1,1,2,2-tetra(pyrazol-1-yl)ethane were synthesized. Synthesized compounds were characterized by IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, powder X-ray diffraction and thermal analysis. Silver coordination polymers demonstrated a yellow emission near 500 nm upon excitation at 360 nm.
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Two new linear silver(I) nitrate coordination polymers with bitopic ligand 1,1,2,2-tetra(pyrazol-1-yl)ethane were synthesized. Synthesized compounds were characterized by IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, powder X-ray diffraction and thermal analysis. Silver coordination polymers demonstrated a yellow emission near 500 nm upon excitation at 360 nm. Crystal structures of coordination polymers were determined and structural peculiarities are discussed. In both of the structures, silver ions are connected via bridging ligand molecules to form polymeric chains with a five-atomic environment. The coordination environment of the central atom corresponds to a distorted trigonal bipyramid with two N atoms of different ligands in apical positions. The Ag–N bond distances vary in a wide range of 2.31–2.62 Å, giving strongly distorted metallacycles. Thermolysis of coordination polymers in reductive atmosphere (H2/He) leads to the formation of silver nanoparticles with a narrow size distribution. Full article
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