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Colloids Interfaces 2018, 2(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/colloids2010004

One- and Two-Equation Models to Simulate Ion Transport in Charged Porous Electrodes

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX 77446, USA
2
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6181, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 December 2017 / Revised: 13 January 2018 / Accepted: 14 January 2018 / Published: 19 January 2018
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Abstract

Energy storage in porous capacitor materials, capacitive deionization (CDI) for water desalination, capacitive energy generation, geophysical applications, and removal of heavy ions from wastewater streams are some examples of processes where understanding of ionic transport processes in charged porous media is very important. In this work, one- and two-equation models are derived to simulate ionic transport processes in heterogeneous porous media comprising two different pore sizes. It is based on a theory for capacitive charging by ideally polarizable porous electrodes without Faradaic reactions or specific adsorption of ions. A two-step volume averaging technique is used to derive the averaged transport equations for multi-ionic systems without any further assumptions, such as thin electrical double layers or Donnan equilibrium. A comparison between both models is presented. The effective transport parameters for isotropic porous media are calculated by solving the corresponding closure problems. An approximate analytical procedure is proposed to solve the closure problems. Numerical and theoretical calculations show that the approximate analytical procedure yields adequate solutions. A theoretical analysis shows that the value of interphase pseudo-transport coefficients determines which model to use. View Full-Text
Keywords: CDI; volume average; porous media; two-equation models CDI; volume average; porous media; two-equation models
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Gabitto, J.; Tsouris, C. One- and Two-Equation Models to Simulate Ion Transport in Charged Porous Electrodes. Colloids Interfaces 2018, 2, 4.

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