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Drones 2018, 2(3), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/drones2030023

Numerical Study of a Direct Injection Internal Combustion Engine Burning a Blend of Hydrogen and Dimethyl Ether

1
CFDLAB, Technion—Israel Institute of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Haifa 3200002, Israel
2
TICEL, Technion—Israel Institute of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Haifa 3200002, Israel
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 June 2018 / Revised: 17 July 2018 / Accepted: 19 July 2018 / Published: 24 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue UAV Propulsion)
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Abstract

In the reported study, various aspects of dimethyl ether/hydrogen combustion in a Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) engine are numerically evaluated using Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) and Large Eddy Simulation (LES). Early direct injection and mixture propagation were also explored, along with peculiaritis of dimethyl ether combustion modeling. The numerical models are validated using available experimental results of a partially premixed dimethyl ether jet flames and an optically accessible internal combustion engine with direct hydrogen injection. LES showed more predictive results in modeling both combustion and mixture propagation. The same models were applied to a full engine cycle of an RCCI engine with stratified reactivity, to gain phenomenological insight into the physical processes involved in stratified reactivity combustion. We showed that 3D and turbulence considerations had a great impact on simulation results, and the LES was able to capture the pressure oscillations typical for this type of combustion. View Full-Text
Keywords: dimethyl ether (DME); reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI); refoming controlled compression ignition (RefCCI); large eddy simulation (LES) dimethyl ether (DME); reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI); refoming controlled compression ignition (RefCCI); large eddy simulation (LES)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Faingold, G.; Tartakovsky, L.; Frankel, S.H. Numerical Study of a Direct Injection Internal Combustion Engine Burning a Blend of Hydrogen and Dimethyl Ether. Drones 2018, 2, 23.

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