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Proceedings 2017, 1(5), 117; doi:10.3390/ecas2017-04137

Evaluation of Drop Size Distribution Impact on Rainfall Interception by Trees

1
Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Jamova 2, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
2
Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, University of Ljubljana, Jadranska 19, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Presented at the 2nd International Electronic Conference on Atmospheric Sciences, 16–31 July 2017; Available online: http://sciforum.net/conference/ecas2017.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Published: 17 July 2017
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Abstract

Not all precipitation, falling above the trees, reach the ground. Part of it is retained in the canopy and eventually evaporates back into the atmosphere. This is known as intercepted rainfall. The process is influenced by various meteorological parameters of which we have mainly focused on drop diameter and velocity. Rainfall in the open and throughfall under birch and pine trees have been measured since 2014 in Ljubljana, Slovenia. The results demonstrate that birch has intercepted 41% (±32%) and pine 70% (±24%) of rainfall on average per event. During the 146 individual events between 297 and 724,905 rain drops were recorded with the average drop diameter 0.73 mm (±0.23 mm) and average drop velocity 3.71 m/s (±0.49 m/s). We have closely analyzed the effect of drop size and velocity on interception by pine during two rainfall events in June and July 2014. In June event drops with larger drop diameter (6.5–8.5 mm) were observed in the open causing an instant reduction of rainfall interception by pine for 30%. Furthermore, twice during the both events the groups of drops with higher velocity (7.6–10.4 m/s) were observed, causing the reduction in rainfall interception.
Keywords: rainfall; rainfall interception; throughfall; drop size distribution; drop diameter; drop velocity rainfall; rainfall interception; throughfall; drop size distribution; drop diameter; drop velocity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zabret, K.; Rakovec, J.; Šraj, M. Evaluation of Drop Size Distribution Impact on Rainfall Interception by Trees. Proceedings 2017, 1, 117.

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