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Proceedings 2017, 1(10), 1077; doi:10.3390/proceedings1101077

Analysis of the Cytotoxic Effects of Achillea millefolium L. Extracts on MCF7 Cell Line

Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Erciyes University, Kayseri 38039, Turkey
Presented at the 2nd International Conference on Natural Products for Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Kayseri, Turkey, 8–11 November 2017.
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Published: 13 November 2017
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Abstract

Achillea millefolium L. an herbaceous perennial plant from Asteraceae family which has antitumor, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in woman. Therefore, in this study we aimed to investigate the effects of the different extracts of A. millefolium on breast cancer with in vitro cytotoxicity assay. Within the scope of this study, the compositions of extracts prepared with water, 30% ethanol, 60% ethanol, 90% ethanol and absolute ethanol obtained from the above-ground parts of A. millefolium, was investigated by Folin-Ciocalteu method for total phenolics, AlCl3 colorimetric method for total flavonoid content. Cytotoxic effects on MCF7 (human breast cancer cell line) cell line were studied with MTT assay. It has been elucidated that 60% ethanol extract is rich in total phenolics content and 90% ethanol extract is rich in total flavonoid content. Water extract was found to be most cytotoxic extract with 30.67 ± 2.27 µg/mL IC50 value on MCF7 cell line.
Keywords: Asteraceae; Achillea millefolium; cytotoxicity; MCF7; MTT Asteraceae; Achillea millefolium; cytotoxicity; MCF7; MTT
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Köngül, E.; Taş, Ö.; Paşayeva, L.; Karatoprak, G.Ş. Analysis of the Cytotoxic Effects of Achillea millefolium L. Extracts on MCF7 Cell Line. Proceedings 2017, 1, 1077.

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