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Int. J. Turbomach. Propuls. Power 2017, 2(1), 3; doi:10.3390/ijtpp2010003

CFD-Based Investigation of Turbine Tonal Noise Induced by Steady Hot Streaks †

1
Department Engine Acoustics, German Aerospace Center, Institute of Propulsion Technology, Müller-Breslaustr. 8, 10623 Berlin, Germany
2
Department Numerical Methods, German Aerospace Center, Institute of Propulsion Technology, Linder Höhe, 51147 Köln, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marcello Manna
Received: 9 September 2016 / Revised: 6 March 2017 / Accepted: 13 March 2017 / Published: 21 March 2017
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Abstract

The interaction of steady hot streaks from an annular ring of combustion chambers with turbine rotating blades can potentially generate tonal noise. The relevance of this source mechanism in aeroengine noise is controversially discussed in the literature. In the present paper, the streak–turbine interaction is investigated using the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method called harmonic balance (HB)—a truncated non-linear frequency domain approach with a high potential of reducing the computational effort. The investigated high-pressure turbine is composed of a single stator–rotor stage. The first part of the present paper compares the results obtained with the HB method to those obtained with the more established time-accurate unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (URANS) approach and investigates their sensitivity with respect to the computational mesh density. Thereby, no streaks are simulated, and only the turbine alone tones are considered. Convincing results are obtained on aerodynamics and acoustics. The second part of the paper deals with a parametric study on the acoustical impact of steady hot streaks. The streaks are prescribed at the inlet of the stage using a boundary condition as an attempt to simulate a ring of combustor nozzles. No vorticity is coupled into the computational domain, as the objective is to measure the effect of temperature inhomogeneity only. Overall, the turbine appears to be slightly quieter with hot streaks. The streak-to-stator-vane ratio of 1-to-2 explains the generation of new acoustic modes with distinct azimuthal orders. The acoustic power amplitude of those additional modes scales roughly with the square of the temperature difference, the fourth-power of the diameter, and the square of the entropy difference. This last result agrees well with the 1D theory of Marble and Candel. The acoustic contribution of the unsteady force on the rotor blades due to the overspeed measured in the wakes of the streaks—resulting from the flow acceleration through the stator—remains an open question. View Full-Text
Keywords: indirect combustion noise; turbine noise; hot streaks; Harmonic Balance indirect combustion noise; turbine noise; hot streaks; Harmonic Balance
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Holewa, A.; Lesnik, S.; Ashcroft, G.; Guérin, S. CFD-Based Investigation of Turbine Tonal Noise Induced by Steady Hot Streaks †. Int. J. Turbomach. Propuls. Power 2017, 2, 3.

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Int. J. Turbomach. Propuls. Power EISSN 2504-186X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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