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Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2017, 2(4), 56; doi:10.3390/tropicalmed2040056

Soil-Transmitted Helminths in Tropical Australia and Asia

1
QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Molecular Parasitology Laboratory, Queensland 4006, Australia
2
Australian National University, Department of Global Health, Research School of Population Health, Australian Capital Territory 2601, Australia
3
School of Veterinary Science, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4067, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 August 2017 / Revised: 16 October 2017 / Accepted: 17 October 2017 / Published: 23 October 2017
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Abstract

Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) infect 2 billion people worldwide including significant numbers in South-East Asia (SEA). In Australia, STH are of less concern; however, indigenous communities are endemic for STH, including Strongyloides stercoralis, as well as for serious clinical infections due to other helminths such as Toxocara spp. The zoonotic hookworm Ancylostoma ceylanicum is also present in Australia and SEA, and may contribute to human infections particularly among pet owners. High human immigration rates to Australia from SEA, which is highly endemic for STH Strongyloides and Toxocara, has resulted in a high prevalence of these helminthic infections in immigrant communities, particularly since such individuals are not screened for worm infections upon entry. In this review, we consider the current state of STH infections in Australia and SEA. View Full-Text
Keywords: soil-transmitted helminths; Trichuris trichiura; Ascaris lumbricoides; hookworm; Ancylostoma ceylanicum; Strongyloides stercoralis; South East Asia; Australia soil-transmitted helminths; Trichuris trichiura; Ascaris lumbricoides; hookworm; Ancylostoma ceylanicum; Strongyloides stercoralis; South East Asia; Australia
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Gordon, C.A.; Kurscheid, J.; Jones, M.K.; Gray, D.J.; McManus, D.P. Soil-Transmitted Helminths in Tropical Australia and Asia. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2017, 2, 56.

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