Cost and Relative Value of Road Kill Surveys for Enhanced Rabies Surveillance in Raccoon Rabies Management
AbstractOral rabies vaccination (ORV) requires knowledge of the spatial-temporal distribution of rabies virus variants targeted for control. Rabies-exposure based public health surveillance alone may not provide a sound basis for ORV decisions. The value and cost of road kill surveys was evaluated for the late spring–early fall 2005–2007 as a part of enhanced rabies surveillance in northern New York, where raccoon rabies is enzootic and ORV has occurred since the late 1990s. Structured surveys were conducted to collect raccoons and other meso-carnivores for rabies testing at the New York State Rabies Laboratory. Of the 209 meso-carnivore heads collected and submitted for testing, 175 were testable by direct fluorescent antibody; none was rabid. Rabies was also not reported through public health surveillance in survey zones during 2005–2007. Overall, survey costs were $37,118 (2016 USD). Salaries and benefits accounted for 61% of costs, followed by fuel (22%), vehicle depreciation (14%), and sample shipping (3%). Mean daily distance driven was 303 ± 37 km and 381 ± 28 km for total road kills and raccoons, respectively. Costs/road kill collected and submitted was $176/all species and $224/raccoon. This study provides costs for planning road kill surveys and underscores the need to continually improve enhanced rabies surveillance approaches to support ORV decision making. View Full-Text
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Slate, D.; Kirby, J.D.; Morgan, D.P.; Algeo, T.P.; Trimarchi, C.V.; Nelson, K.M.; Rudd, R.J.; Randall, A.R.; Carrara, M.S.; Chipman, R.B. Cost and Relative Value of Road Kill Surveys for Enhanced Rabies Surveillance in Raccoon Rabies Management. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2017, 2, 13.
Slate D, Kirby JD, Morgan DP, Algeo TP, Trimarchi CV, Nelson KM, Rudd RJ, Randall AR, Carrara MS, Chipman RB. Cost and Relative Value of Road Kill Surveys for Enhanced Rabies Surveillance in Raccoon Rabies Management. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease. 2017; 2(2):13.Chicago/Turabian Style
Slate, Dennis; Kirby, Jordona D.; Morgan, Daniel P.; Algeo, Timothy P.; Trimarchi, Charles V.; Nelson, Kathleen M.; Rudd, Robert J.; Randall, Adam R.; Carrara, Mark S.; Chipman, Richard B. 2017. "Cost and Relative Value of Road Kill Surveys for Enhanced Rabies Surveillance in Raccoon Rabies Management." Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2, no. 2: 13.