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Multimodal Technologies Interact. 2018, 2(2), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/mti2020023

A Study on the Use of Eye Tracking to Adapt Gameplay and Procedural Content Generation in First-Person Shooter Games

ISCTE-Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL) and Instituto de Telecomunicações (IT), 1649-026 Lisboa, Portugal
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Received: 10 March 2018 / Revised: 1 May 2018 / Accepted: 3 May 2018 / Published: 7 May 2018
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Abstract

This paper studies the use of eye tracking in a First-Person Shooter (FPS) game as a mechanism to: (1) control the attention of the player’s avatar according to the attention deployed by the player; and (2) guide the gameplay and game’s procedural content generation, accordingly. This results in a more natural use of eye tracking in comparison to a use in which the eye tracker directly substitutes control input devices, such as gamepads. The study was conducted on a custom endless runner FPS, Zombie Runner, using an affordable eye tracker. Evaluation sessions showed that the proposed use of eye tracking provides a more challenging and immersive experience to the player, when compared to its absence. However, a strong correlation between eye tracker calibration problems and player’s overall experience was found. This means that eye tracking technology still needs to evolve but also means that once technology gets mature enough players are expected to benefit greatly from the inclusion of eye tracking in their gaming experience. View Full-Text
Keywords: computer games; eye tracking; gaze-oriented gameplay computer games; eye tracking; gaze-oriented gameplay
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Antunes, J.; Santana, P. A Study on the Use of Eye Tracking to Adapt Gameplay and Procedural Content Generation in First-Person Shooter Games. Multimodal Technologies Interact. 2018, 2, 23.

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