Next Article in Journal
Four Different Multimodal Setups for Non-Aerial Vehicle Simulations—A Case Study with a Speedboat Simulator
Previous Article in Journal
Augmented Reality Video Games: New Possibilities and Implications for Children and Adolescents
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessConference Report
Multimodal Technologies Interact. 2017, 1(2), 9; doi:10.3390/mti1020009

A Smart Sensor Grid to Enhance Irrigation Techniques in Jordan Using a Novel Event-Based Routing Protocol

1
Department of Communications, School of Science and Technology, Middlesex University London, London NW4 4BT, UK
2
Department of Computer Science, School of Science and Technology, Middlesex University London, London NW4 4BT, UK
3
Department of Design Engineering & Maths, School of Science and Technology, Middlesex University, London NW4 4BT, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Cristina Portalés Ricart
Received: 7 February 2017 / Revised: 9 May 2017 / Accepted: 11 May 2017 / Published: 16 May 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2811 KB, uploaded 16 May 2017]   |  

Abstract

Due to rapid changes in climatic conditions worldwide, environmental monitoring has become one of the greatest concerns in the last few years. With the advancement in wireless sensing technology, it is now possible to monitor and track fine-grained changes in harsh outdoor environments. Wireless sensor networks (WSN) provide very high quality and accurate analysis for monitoring of both spatial and temporal data, thus providing the opportunity to monitor harsh outdoor environments. However, to deploy and maintain a WSN in such harsh environments is a great challenge for researchers and scientists. Several routing protocols exist for data dissemination and power management but they suffer from various disadvantages. In our case study, there are very limited water resources in the Middle East, hence soil moisture measurements must be taken into account to manage irrigation and аgriculturаl projects. In order to meet these challenges, a Smart Grid that supports a robust, reactive, event-based routing protocol is developed using Ad hoc On-Demand Multipath Distance Vector (AOMDV) as a starting point. A prototype WSN network of 5 nodes is built and a detailed simulation of 30 nodes is also developed to test the scalability of the new system. View Full-Text
Keywords: wireless sensor networks; reactivity; reliability; soil moisture; rainfall wireless sensor networks; reactivity; reliability; soil moisture; rainfall
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Rantisi, M.A.A.; Mapp, G.; Gemikonakli, O. A Smart Sensor Grid to Enhance Irrigation Techniques in Jordan Using a Novel Event-Based Routing Protocol. Multimodal Technologies Interact. 2017, 1, 9.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Multimodal Technologies Interact. EISSN 2414-4088 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top