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Urban Sci. 2017, 1(1), 6; doi:10.3390/urbansci1010006

Estimation of Particulate Matter Impact on Human Health within the Urban Environment of Athens City, Greece

1
Laboratory of Fluid Mechanics, Mechanical Engineering Department, Piraeus University of Applied Sciences, 250 Thivon and P. Ralli Str., GR-12244 Athens, Greece
2
Laboratory of Climatology and Atmospheric Environment, Faculty of Geology and Geoenvironment, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis Camp, GR-15784 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michael Peter Smith
Received: 13 November 2016 / Revised: 10 January 2017 / Accepted: 14 January 2017 / Published: 20 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Thermal Environment under Global Warming Pressure)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4812 KB, uploaded 20 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

The main objective of this work is the assessment of the annual number of hospital admissions for respiratory diseases (HARD) due to the exposure to inhalable particulate matter (PM10), within the greater Athens area (GAA), Greece. To achieve this aim, on the one hand, time series of the particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 10 μm (PM10) recorded in six monitoring stations located in the GAA, for a 13-year period 2001–2013, have been statistically analyzed. On the other hand, the AirQ2.2.3 software developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) was used to evaluate adverse health effects by PM10 in the GAA during the examined period. The results show that, during the examined period, PM10 concentrations present a significant decreasing trend. Also, the mean annual HARD cases per 100,000 inhabitants ranged between 20 (suburban area) and 40 (city center area). Approximately 70% of the annual HARD cases are due to city center residents. In all examined sites, a declining trend in the annual number of HARD cases appears. Moreover, a strong relation between the annual number of HARD cases and the annual number of days exceeding the European Union daily PM10 threshold value was found. View Full-Text
Keywords: particulate matter; AirQ model; hospital admission respiratory disease; Athens; Greece particulate matter; AirQ model; hospital admission respiratory disease; Athens; Greece
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Moustris, K.P.; Ntourou, K.; Nastos, P.T. Estimation of Particulate Matter Impact on Human Health within the Urban Environment of Athens City, Greece. Urban Sci. 2017, 1, 6.

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