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Designs 2017, 1(2), 8; doi:10.3390/designs1020008

A Platform with Multiple Head-Mounted Displays for Advanced Training in Modern Driving Schools

1
Heinz Nixdorf Institute, University of Paderborn, 33102 Paderborn, Germany
2
Fraunhofer Institute for Mechatronic Systems Design IEM, 33102 Paderborn, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 September 2017 / Revised: 6 October 2017 / Accepted: 10 October 2017 / Published: 13 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Road Vehicle Safety: Design and Assessment)
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Abstract

Automotive manufacturers and suppliers develop new vehicle systems, such as Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS), to increase traffic safety and driving comfort. ADAS are technologies that provide drivers with essential information or take over demanding driving tasks. More complex and intelligent vehicle systems are being developed toward fully autonomous and cooperative driving. Apart from the technical development challenges, training of drivers with these complex vehicle systems represents an important concern for automotive manufacturers. This paper highlights the new evolving requirements concerning the training of drivers with future complex vehicle systems. In accordance with these requirements, a new training concept is introduced, and a prototype of a training platform is implemented for utilization in future driving schools. The developed training platform has a scalable and modular architecture so that more than one driving simulator can be networked to a common driving instructor unit. The participating driving simulators provide fully immersive visualization to the drivers by utilizing head-mounted displays instead of conventional display screens and projectors. The driving instructor unit consists of a computer with a developed software tool for training session control, monitoring, and evaluation. Moreover, the driving instructor can use a head-mounted display to participate interactively within the same virtual environment of any selected driver. A simulation model of an autonomous driving system was implemented and integrated in the participating driving simulators. Using this simulation model, training sessions were conducted with the help of a group of test drivers and professional driving instructors to prove the validity of the developed concept and show the usability of the implemented training platform. View Full-Text
Keywords: driver assistance systems; autonomous and cooperative driving; driving schools; driving simulators; multiple head-mounted displays; shared virtual environments driver assistance systems; autonomous and cooperative driving; driving schools; driving simulators; multiple head-mounted displays; shared virtual environments
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Abdelgawad, K.; Gausemeier, J.; Stöcklein, J.; Grafe, M.; Berssenbrügge, J.; Dumitrescu, R. A Platform with Multiple Head-Mounted Displays for Advanced Training in Modern Driving Schools. Designs 2017, 1, 8.

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