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Open AccessCase Report
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2017, 2(4), 37; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk2040037

High Resistance Training Volume and Low Caloric and Protein Intake Are Associated with Detrimental Alterations in Body Composition of an Amateur Bodybuilder Using Anabolic Steroids: A Case Report

1
Setor de Fisiologia Humana e do Exercício, Laboratório de Avaliação do Movimento Humano, Faculdade de Educação Física e Dança, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia 74690-900, Brazil
2
Laboratório de Investigação em Nutrição Clínica e Esportiva, Faculdade de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia 74605-080, Brazil
3
Centro de Educação Física e Desporto, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Vitória 29075-910, Brazil
4
Departamento de Fisiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo 04023-901, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 September 2017 / Revised: 30 September 2017 / Accepted: 4 October 2017 / Published: 13 October 2017
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Abstract

Many bodybuilders use anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) to potentiate muscle mass gain as a result of specific resistance training and nutrition. The case we describe hereafter outlines alterations in body composition of an amateur bodybuilder during his pre-competitive period (11 weeks). The Participant was a 28-year old Caucasian male who was aiming to participate in his first bodybuilding competition under the “Men’s Physique” category. The Participant self-administered AAS for the whole pre-competitive period, followed a 13 set-meal plan consisting of 10 daily meals interspersed by approximately 2 h, and performed six high-volume resistance-training sessions a week. Body mass and anthropometric variables were measured at the beginning, during and at the end of his pre-competitive period. Dietetic analysis revealed a reduction in protein intake at the 10th (% decrease: −51.3%) and 11th weeks (% decrease: −64.5%) and in calorie intake at the 10th (% decrease: −57.9%) and 11th weeks (% decrease: −59.5%) in comparison to the 1st week. As a result, the Participant reduced both total body mass and fat percentage. However, there was a reduction in absolute fat free mass, despite the use of AAS. Apparently, the combination of excessive volumes of training with inadequate protein consumption was responsible for this outcome. View Full-Text
Keywords: anabolic androgenic steroids; bodybuilding; resistance training; body composition; weight training anabolic androgenic steroids; bodybuilding; resistance training; body composition; weight training
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Viana, R.; Gentil, P.; Brasileiro, E.; Pimentel, G.; Vancini, R.; Andrade, M.; de Lira, C. High Resistance Training Volume and Low Caloric and Protein Intake Are Associated with Detrimental Alterations in Body Composition of an Amateur Bodybuilder Using Anabolic Steroids: A Case Report. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2017, 2, 37.

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