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J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2017, 2(2), 19; doi:10.3390/jfmk2020019

Evaluating Human Balance Following an Exercise Intervention in Previously Sedentary, Overweight Adults

School of Kinesiology, Recreation & Sport, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY 42101, USA
Neuromechanics Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Mississippi State University, MS 39762, USA
Department of Kinesiology and Health Promotion, Troy University, Troy, AL 36082, USA
Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering, Mississippi State University, MS, 39762, USA
Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, The University of Mississippi, MS 38677, USA
Department of Nutrition and Hospitality Management, The University of Mississippi, MS 38677, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 May 2017 / Revised: 27 May 2017 / Accepted: 6 June 2017 / Published: 11 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tailored Exercise in Patients with Chronic Diseases 2017)
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Previous research suggests that an improvement in body composition could potentially lead to improvement in balance performance in previously overweight individuals. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if an exercise intervention without any specific balance training can lead to an improvement in standing balance. Fourteen overweight, but otherwise healthy adults (nine females, six males) (mean age: 23.5 years; mean height: 1.70 m, mean starting body mass: 94.1 kg) participated in this study. Balance performance was assessed with sensory organization test (SOT) and motor control test (MCT) on the NeuroCom® Equitest™, prior to and after a 10-week exercise intervention. Results revealed significant improvements in the following balance parameters following exercise intervention: eyes open, sway-referenced visual surrounding and platform condition (p = 0.033) for SOT equilibrium scores; SOT center of pressure (COP) sway in the eyes closed condition for anterior-posterior sway velocity (p = 0.006) and in the eyes open sway-referenced condition (p = 0.048). The results of the current study suggest that improved balance performance can result from an exercise intervention without any specific balance directed exercises, but that the results may be limited to the conditions where the somatosensory system plays a larger role in balance maintenance. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; exercise training; functional health; motion analysis obesity; exercise training; functional health; motion analysis

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Morris, C.E.; Chander, H.; Garner, J.C.; DeBusk, H.; Owens, S.G.; Valliant, M.W.; Loftin, M. Evaluating Human Balance Following an Exercise Intervention in Previously Sedentary, Overweight Adults. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2017, 2, 19.

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J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. EISSN 2411-5142 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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