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J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2017, 2(2), 12; doi:10.3390/jfmk2020012

Total Body Water Distribution in Breast Cancer Survivors Following Cancer Rehabilitation

1
Sports and Exercise Medicine Center, University of Florence, 50121 Firenze, Italy
2
Department of Sports Medicine, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA 90263, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giuseppe Musumeci
Received: 24 February 2017 / Revised: 14 April 2017 / Accepted: 17 April 2017 / Published: 19 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tailored Exercise in Patients with Chronic Diseases 2017)
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Abstract

Cancer in humans is frequently associated with compartmentalization of body fluids as a result of sedentary behavior and pharmacological cellular toxicity. Total Body Water (TBW) in the general population is approximately 55–60% of body weight in adult males and 50–55% in adult females, while varying significantly in pathological conditions. Exercise is largely recognized as an important tool to TBW distribution. The purpose of this study was to investigate, for a least 12 months, the impact of physical activity on body water distribution in a sample of cancer patients and compare their responses to a sample of healthy controls. Cancer patients included 28 clinically stable female cancer patients diagnosed with breast cancer (aged 59 ± 9 years, weight 70.2 ± 9.9 kg, and Body Mass Index (BMI 26.7 ± 5.4 kg·m2), who were enrolled in a year-long physical activity prescription program. The results indicated the absence of significant variations of TBW% between the cancer patients and controls, however, there was a significant improvement in intracellular water content (ICW%) at 6 months (T0: 51.1 ± 3.9 vs. T6: 52.4 ± 4.1; p < 0.05) and at T12 (T0: 51.1 ± 3.9 vs. T12: 53.6 ± 3.1; p < 0.005). In conclusion, in this small sample of cancer survivors, an unsupervised cancer rehabilitation program reduced the trend towards increased peripheral edema. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydration; cancer; physical activity hydration; cancer; physical activity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Stefani, L.; Palmerini, D.; Corezzi, M.; Mascherini, G.; Petri, C.; Klika, R.J.; Galanti, G. Total Body Water Distribution in Breast Cancer Survivors Following Cancer Rehabilitation. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2017, 2, 12.

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J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. EISSN 2411-5142 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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