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J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2016, 1(4), 355-368; doi:10.3390/jfmk1040355

The Effects of Exercise and Kinesio Tape on Physical Limitations in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis

1
Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological Sciences, Human Anatomy and Histology Section, School of Medicine, University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy
2
Polyclinic G.B. Morgagni, Mediterranean Foundation, Orthopedics Traumatology and Rehabilitation Unit, 95125 Catania, Italy
3
Physiocare—Center of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 96011 Augusta, Italy
4
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Internal Medicine Division, School of Medicine, University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nick Caplan
Received: 9 June 2016 / Revised: 8 September 2016 / Accepted: 18 September 2016 / Published: 18 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Knee: Structure, Function and Rehabilitation)
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of kinesio taping (KT) in combination with moderate adapted exercise on the functional outcome of patients with knee osteoarthritis. We included 66 patients who presented pain and functional impairment with osteoarthritis. At the end of the treatment, only 57 patients remained because nine patients were excluded. Patients were randomly allocated to three treatment groups: (1) exercise group; (2) exercise KT with tension application (stabilizing effect) group; (3) exercise KT without tension application (draining effect) group. We used different methods of investigation: the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index, the Visual Analogue Scaling Score for Pain, the Timed Up and Go test and analgesic consumption. Our results showed a reduction in knee pain, improvement in knee function and also less need for medication in patients with knee osteoarthritis treated with kinesio taping in combination with exercise for, at least, a period of three months. In conclusion, we can assert that therapeutic knee kinesio taping in association with a moderate adapted training is an effective method for the management of pain and disability limitations in patients with knee osteoarthritis. View Full-Text
Keywords: kinesio tape; exercise; knee osteoarthritis; physical limitations kinesio tape; exercise; knee osteoarthritis; physical limitations
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Castrogiovanni, P.; Di Giunta, A.; Guglielmino, C.; Roggio, F.; Romeo, D.; Fidone, F.; Imbesi, R.; Loreto, C.; Castorina, S.; Musumeci, G. The Effects of Exercise and Kinesio Tape on Physical Limitations in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2016, 1, 355-368.

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J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. EISSN 2411-5142 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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