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Inventions 2018, 3(1), 14; doi:10.3390/inventions3010014

Wearable E-Textile Technologies: A Review on Sensors, Actuators and Control Elements

Institute for Polymers and Composites IPC/I3N and MIT-Portugal Program, University of Minho, 4800-058 Guimarães, Portugal
Center of Nanotechnology and Smart Materials (CeNTI), 4760-034 VN Famalicão, Portugal
Center for Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (CMEMS-UMinho) and with the MIT Portugal Program, University of Minho, Campus of Azurem, 4804-533 Guimaraes, Portugal
Polytechnic Institute of Cávado and Ave (IPCA), 4750-810 Barcelos, Portugal
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 December 2017 / Revised: 25 February 2018 / Accepted: 2 March 2018 / Published: 6 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Frontiers in Wearable Devices)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1151 KB, uploaded 6 March 2018]   |  


Wearable e-textiles are able to perform electronic functions and are perceived as a way to add features into common wearable textiles, building competitive market advantages. The e-textile production has become not only a research effort but also an industrial production challenge. It is important to know how to use existing industrial processes or to develop new ones that are able to scale up production, ensuring the behavior and performance of prototypes. Despite the technical challenges, there are already some examples of wearable e-textiles where sensors, actuators, and production techniques were used to seamlessly embed electronic features into traditional wearable textiles, which allow for daily use without a bionic stigma. View Full-Text
Keywords: e-textiles; digital textiles; smart textiles; conductive yarns; heat regulating textiles e-textiles; digital textiles; smart textiles; conductive yarns; heat regulating textiles

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Gonçalves, C.; Ferreira da Silva, A.; Gomes, J.; Simoes, R. Wearable E-Textile Technologies: A Review on Sensors, Actuators and Control Elements. Inventions 2018, 3, 14.

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