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Philosophies 2017, 2(4), 22; doi:10.3390/philosophies2040022

Philosophy of Information: Revolution in Philosophy. Towards an Informational Metaphilosophy of Science

1
and
1,2,*
1
International Center for the Philosophy of Information, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710048, China
2
International Center for Transdisicplinary Research, Paris c/o Chemin du Collège 1, Les Diablerets 1865, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 August 2017 / Revised: 31 August 2017 / Accepted: 21 September 2017 / Published: 2 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Meta-Philosophy of Science)
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Abstract

In the most general if unconventional terms, science is the study of how man is part of the universe. Philosophy is the study of man’s ideas of the universe and how man differs from the rest of the universe. It has of course been recognized that philosophy and science are not totally disjointed. Science is in any case not a monolithic entity but refers to knowledge as the results of reasoning and both invasive and non-invasive experiment. We argue that the philosophy of science, in studying the foundations, methods and implications of science and the link between philosophy and science, must now take into account the impact of the rapidly developing science and philosophy of information. We suggest that the philosophy of information is in fact a metaphilosophy, since informational processes operate in all the sciences and their philosophies. The simplest definition of (a) metaphilosophy is that of a set of statements about (a) philosophy, and any definition of a metaphilosophy thus requires one of philosophy and of the task of philosophy as well. According to Sellars, “the aim of philosophy is to understand how things in the broadest possible sense of the term hang together in the broadest possible sense of the term”. In this paper, we focus on the recursive thought underlying those statements as real processes, occurring both in and between the fundamental and the meta-level. We propose a non-standard logic, Logic in Reality, as the logic of those processes. The metaphilosophy of information is thus a framework for talking about the scientific aspects of philosophy and the philosophical aspects of science. Both Logic in Reality and the metaphilosophy of information provide a basis for understanding the physical and epistemological dynamics of existence, that is, from where the properties of things come that enable both them and the concepts of them to contrast, conflict and ultimately “hang together”. We conclude that the current convergence of science and philosophy under the influence of information science constitutes a revolution in philosophy, that is, in how science and philosophy are done. Many of the issues discussed in the metaphilosophy of information may thus be viewed as part of an emerging informational metaphilosophy of science. View Full-Text
Keywords: convergence; science; society; logic; metaphilosophy; philosophy; non-separability; information; revolution convergence; science; society; logic; metaphilosophy; philosophy; non-separability; information; revolution
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, K.; Brenner, J. Philosophy of Information: Revolution in Philosophy. Towards an Informational Metaphilosophy of Science. Philosophies 2017, 2, 22.

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