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Philosophies 2017, 2(2), 8; doi:10.3390/philosophies2020008

What We Talk about When We Talk about Logic as Normative for Reasoning

Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Rijeka, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
Academic Editor: Marcin J. Schroeder
Received: 31 December 2016 / Revised: 13 March 2017 / Accepted: 20 March 2017 / Published: 24 March 2017
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Abstract

In this paper, it is examined how, if at all, the logical laws can be normative for human reasoning, wherein the notion of normativity is analyzed primarily with respect to Wittgenstein’s philosophy. During the ancient and the medieval periods, logic was being considered in terms of discourse and dialogical practice, but since Descartes and especially Kant, it has been treated as a system of laws with which the process of individual human reasoning has been compared. Therefore, normativity can be investigated in the private sphere (for thinking and reasoning) and in the public sphere (for dialogic practices in a community). Wittgenstein discussed both aspects of normativity: in his early philosophy, the focus is on the laws of logic that are primarily normative for the state of affairs in the world, while in his later works the emphasis is on a social aspect of normativity (which is closer to Aristotle’s view), which is derived from the adopted rules that have been applied in a certain community. Taken that way, logic is certainly normative in the public sphere, but the more difficult issue is whether logic is normative for thinking, regarding the difference between the logical laws and those of thought. View Full-Text
Keywords: logical laws; normativity of logic; reasoning; thinking; Wittgenstein logical laws; normativity of logic; reasoning; thinking; Wittgenstein
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Skelac, I. What We Talk about When We Talk about Logic as Normative for Reasoning. Philosophies 2017, 2, 8.

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