Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Exploring the Computational Explanatory Gap
Previous Article in Journal
Acknowledgement to Reviewers of Philosophies in 2016
Previous Article in Special Issue
Of Cyborgs and Brutes: Technology-Inherited Violence and Ignorance
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Philosophies 2017, 2(1), 4; doi:10.3390/philosophies2010004

Cyborgs and Enhancement Technology

1
Professor Emeritus, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, DC 98105, USA
2
140 BPW Club Rd., Apt E16, Carrboro, NC 27510, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jordi Vallverdú
Received: 12 October 2016 / Revised: 26 December 2016 / Accepted: 2 January 2017 / Published: 16 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cyberphenomenology: Technominds Revolution)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [381 KB, uploaded 16 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

As we move deeper into the twenty-first century there is a major trend to enhance the body with “cyborg technology”. In fact, due to medical necessity, there are currently millions of people worldwide equipped with prosthetic devices to restore lost functions, and there is a growing DIY movement to self-enhance the body to create new senses or to enhance current senses to “beyond normal” levels of performance. From prosthetic limbs, artificial heart pacers and defibrillators, implants creating brain–computer interfaces, cochlear implants, retinal prosthesis, magnets as implants, exoskeletons, and a host of other enhancement technologies, the human body is becoming more mechanical and computational and thus less biological. This trend will continue to accelerate as the body becomes transformed into an information processing technology, which ultimately will challenge one’s sense of identity and what it means to be human. This paper reviews “cyborg enhancement technologies”, with an emphasis placed on technological enhancements to the brain and the creation of new senses—the benefits of which may allow information to be directly implanted into the brain, memories to be edited, wireless brain-to-brain (i.e., thought-to-thought) communication, and a broad range of sensory information to be explored and experienced. The paper concludes with musings on the future direction of cyborgs and the meaning and implications of becoming more cyborg and less human in an age of rapid advances in the design and use of computing technologies. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyborg; enhancement technology; prosthesis; brain–computer interface; new senses; identity cyborg; enhancement technology; prosthesis; brain–computer interface; new senses; identity
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Barfield, W.; Williams, A. Cyborgs and Enhancement Technology. Philosophies 2017, 2, 4.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Philosophies EISSN 2409-9287 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top