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Philosophies 2016, 1(3), 261-274; doi:10.3390/philosophies1030261

Political Correctness between Wise Stoicism and Violent Hypocrisy

Department of Humanities, Philosophy Section and Computational Philosophy Laboratory, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
Academic Editors: Jean-Yves Beziau and Thalia Magioglou
Received: 23 September 2016 / Revised: 28 November 2016 / Accepted: 30 November 2016 / Published: 8 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Political Correctness—Towards a Global Ethos)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [341 KB, uploaded 12 December 2016]

Abstract

This article aims at commenting in a novel way on the concept of political correctness, by showing that, even if adopting a politically-correct behavior aims at promoting a precise moral outcome, violence can be still perpetrated, despite good intentions. To afford in a novel way the problem of political correctness, I will adopt a theoretical strategy that adheres to moral stoicism, the problem of “silence”, the “fascist state of the mind” and the concept of “overmorality”, which I have introduced in my book Understanding Violence. The Intertwining of Morality, Religion, and Violence: A Philosophical Stance (Springer: Heidelberg/Berlin, Germany, 2011). I will demonstrate that political correctness certainly obeys the stoic moral rule, which teaches us that we have to diminish conflicts and, so, the potential for derived violence, by avoiding to pronounce words and expressions that can be offensive and so conflict making. Unfortunately, political correctness often increases the so-called already widespread overmorality, typical of our era, and postulates too many minor moral values (or rights) to be attributed to individuals and groups, which must be respected. Therefore, engaging in political correctness obscures more serious issues regarding social, political and economic life, committing a sin of abstractness and idealization. At the same time, by discouraging the use of words and expressions, the intrinsic overmoralization at work creates potential new conflicts and potential derived violence. View Full-Text
Keywords: political correctness; stoicism; hypocrisy political correctness; stoicism; hypocrisy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Magnani, L. Political Correctness between Wise Stoicism and Violent Hypocrisy. Philosophies 2016, 1, 261-274.

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