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Philosophies 2016, 1(1), 111-125; doi:10.3390/philosophies1010111

The Architecture of Mind as a Network of Networks of Natural Computational Processes

Chalmers University of Technology and University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg 41296, Sweden
Academic Editor: Vincent C. Müller
Received: 28 September 2015 / Revised: 4 December 2015 / Accepted: 4 December 2015 / Published: 14 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Computing and Philosophy: Papers from IACAP 2014)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [129 KB, uploaded 14 December 2015]

Abstract

In discussions regarding models of cognition, the very mention of “computationalism” often incites reactions against the insufficiency of the Turing machine model, its abstractness, determinism, the lack of naturalist foundations, triviality and the absence of clarity. None of those objections, however, concerns models based on natural computation or computing nature, where the model of computation is broader than symbol manipulation or conventional models of computation. Computing nature consists of physical structures that form layered computational architecture, with computation processes ranging from quantum to chemical, biological/cognitive and social-level computation. It is argued that, on the lower levels of information processing in the brain, finite automata or Turing machines may still be adequate models, while, on the higher levels of whole-brain information processing, natural computing models are necessary. A layered computational architecture of the mind based on the intrinsic computing of physical systems avoids objections against early versions of computationalism in the form of abstract symbols manipulation. View Full-Text
Keywords: computational cognition; info-computationalism; cognitive architecture; natural computing; cognitive information processing; levels of organization computational cognition; info-computationalism; cognitive architecture; natural computing; cognitive information processing; levels of organization
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Dodig-Crnkovic, G. The Architecture of Mind as a Network of Networks of Natural Computational Processes. Philosophies 2016, 1, 111-125.

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