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Philosophies 2016, 1(1), 1-14; doi:10.3390/philosophies1010001

Hierarchic Information Systems in a Search for Methods to Transcend Limitations of Complexity

Akita International University, 193-2 Okutsubakidai, Tsubakigawa, Yuwa, Akita-shi, 010-1211 Akita, Japan
Academic Editor: Vincent C. Müller
Received: 16 July 2015 / Revised: 22 October 2015 / Accepted: 23 October 2015 / Published: 28 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Computing and Philosophy: Papers from IACAP 2014)
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Abstract

The ability of an agent (natural or artificial) to overcome limitations caused by complexity can be identified with intelligence. Yet, the study of complexity is dominated by the issues not really associated with authentic intelligence. In search of the methods to overcome limitations of complexity it is necessary to find a sufficiently general conceptual framework for its study, to identify its characteristics and sources, and then to explore alternatives to the currently used methods. The present paper is using for this purpose the conceptual framework of information, its integration, and dynamics developed by the author in his earlier publications. Using this framework, complexity is characterized in both quantitative and qualitative (structural) ways, and in both static and dynamic perspectives. The main objective is to propose an approach to transcending limitations of complexity through reverse engineering of the effectiveness in overcoming complexity by natural, living organisms. Since the most striking characteristic of life is its hierarchic organization, the use of multi-level hierarchic information systems in information processing is explored. Theoretical design of such multi-level systems becomes possible with the use of generalized Turing machines (symmetric or s-machines) as components performing concurrent computation on all levels of the hierarchy. View Full-Text
Keywords: complexity; information; information integration; computation; naturalized computation complexity; information; information integration; computation; naturalized computation
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Schroeder, M.J. Hierarchic Information Systems in a Search for Methods to Transcend Limitations of Complexity. Philosophies 2016, 1, 1-14.

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