Background Subtraction Based on a New Fuzzy Mixture of Gaussians for Moving Object Detection
AbstractMoving foreground detection is a very important step for many applications such as human behavior analysis for visual surveillance, model-based action recognition, road traffic monitoring, etc. Background subtraction is a very popular approach, but it is difficult to apply given that it must overcome many obstacles, such as dynamic background changes, lighting variations, occlusions, and so on. In the presented work, we focus on this problem (foreground/background segmentation), using a type-2 fuzzy modeling to manage the uncertainty of the video process and of the data. The proposed method models the state of each pixel using an imprecise and adjustable Gaussian mixture model, which is exploited by several fuzzy classifiers to ultimately estimate the pixel class for each frame. More precisely, this decision not only takes into account the history of its evolution, but also its spatial neighborhood and its possible displacements in the previous frames. Then we compare the proposed method with other close methods, including methods based on a Gaussian mixture model or on fuzzy sets. This comparison will allow us to assess our method’s performance, and to propose some perspectives to this work. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Darwich, A.; Hébert, P.-A.; Bigand, A.; Mohanna, Y. Background Subtraction Based on a New Fuzzy Mixture of Gaussians for Moving Object Detection. J. Imaging 2018, 4, 92.
Darwich A, Hébert P-A, Bigand A, Mohanna Y. Background Subtraction Based on a New Fuzzy Mixture of Gaussians for Moving Object Detection. Journal of Imaging. 2018; 4(7):92.Chicago/Turabian Style
Darwich, Ali; Hébert, Pierre-Alexandre; Bigand, André; Mohanna, Yasser. 2018. "Background Subtraction Based on a New Fuzzy Mixture of Gaussians for Moving Object Detection." J. Imaging 4, no. 7: 92.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.