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J. Imaging 2018, 4(1), 22; doi:10.3390/jimaging4010022

Neutron Imaging in Cultural Heritage Research at the FRM II Reactor of the Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Center

Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Center, Technische Universität München; Lichtenbergstr. 1, 85748 Garching, Germany
School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Studies, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Johannesburg WITS 2050, South Africa
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), ISIS Neutron and Muon Source, Didcot OX11 0QX, UK,
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi (ISC), Sesto Fiorentino via Madonna del Piano 10, 50019 Roma, Italy
Department of Palaeoanthropology and Messel Research, Senckenberg Research Institute Frankfurt/Main, Senckenberganlage 25, 60325 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Department of General Zoology, Faculty of Biology, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Universitätsstr. 5, 45117 Essen, Germany
Bavarian Research Institute of Experimental Geochemistry and Geophysics (BGI), University of Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, 95447 Bayreuth, Germany
Senckenberg Center for Human Evolution and Palaeoenvironment (HEP), Eberhard Karls Universität, Sigwartstr. 10, 72074 Tübingen, Germany
Laboratoire AMIS, UMR 5288, Université Toulouse III—Paul Sabatier, 118 Route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 October 2017 / Revised: 6 December 2017 / Accepted: 21 December 2017 / Published: 14 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Neutron Imaging)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5070 KB, uploaded 14 January 2018]   |  


Neutron Imaging is ideally suited for applications in cultural heritage even at small reactors with moderate image resolution. However, recently, high resolution imaging is being increasingly used for advanced studies, especially in paleontology. The special contrast for hydrogen and between neighboring elements in the periodic system allows for new applications that are not accessible for X-rays, like organic material in enclosed containers made of ceramics or metals, fossilized bones in chalk rock or in ferrous “red” beds, and even for animal and hominid teeth. Fission neutrons permit the examination of large samples that otherwise show large attenuation for thermal neutrons. View Full-Text
Keywords: neutron imaging; cultural heritage; paleontology; cold neutrons; fast neutrons; fission neutrons neutron imaging; cultural heritage; paleontology; cold neutrons; fast neutrons; fission neutrons

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Schillinger, B.; Beaudet, A.; Fedrigo, A.; Grazzi, F.; Kullmer, O.; Laaß, M.; Makowska, M.; Werneburg, I.; Zanolli, C. Neutron Imaging in Cultural Heritage Research at the FRM II Reactor of the Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Center. J. Imaging 2018, 4, 22.

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