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J. Imaging 2016, 2(4), 30; doi:10.3390/jimaging2040030

Non-Interferometric Tomography of Phase Objects Using Spatial Light Modulators

Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department, The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC 20064, USA
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Academic Editor: Gonzalo Pajares Martinsanz
Received: 11 August 2016 / Revised: 4 October 2016 / Accepted: 11 October 2016 / Published: 19 October 2016
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Abstract

Quantitative 3D phase retrieval techniques are based on either interferometric techniques such as holography or noninterferometric intensity-based techniques such as the transport of intensity equation (TIE). Interferometric techniques are vibration-sensitive and often use a reference beam requiring complicated optical alignment. In this work we develop a simple, fast, and noninterferometric tomographic 3D phase retrieval technique based on the TIE which does not suffer from such drawbacks. The optical setup is a modified 4f TIE system which uses an SLM to replace the slow translation of the CCD required to record several diffraction patterns in a traditional TIE system. This novel TIE setup is suitable for dynamical events such as imaging biological processes. A rotating mechanical stage is constructed to obtain tomographic phase images of the object. The tomographic reconstruction algorithm is based on the Fourier slice theorem (backprojection algorithm) which applies to objects with a small refractive index span. Simulation and experimental results are shown as part of this work. A graphical user interface is developed to perform the TIE tomographic reconstruction algorithm and to synchronize the captured intensities by the CCD, the phase patterns displayed on the SLM, and the Arduino controlled rotating stage assembly. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D imaging; spatial light modulator; transport of intensity; tomography; backprojection 3D imaging; spatial light modulator; transport of intensity; tomography; backprojection
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nguyen, T.; Nehmetallah, G. Non-Interferometric Tomography of Phase Objects Using Spatial Light Modulators. J. Imaging 2016, 2, 30.

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