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Recycling 2016, 1(1), 61-88; doi:10.3390/recycling1010061

Socio-Economic Considerations of Converting Food Waste into Biogas on a Household Level in Indonesia: The Case of the City of Bandung

1
Mata Garuda Institute, AA Maramis II, Kompleks Departemen Keuangan Jalan Lapangan Banteng Timur No. 1, Jakarta 10710, Indonesia
2
The Department of Governance and Technology for Sustainability (CSTM), University of Twente, PO box 217, Enschede 7500AE, The Netherlands
3
Environmental Science Master Program, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jalan Sekeloa Selatan I, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
4
Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jalan Raya Bandung—Sumedang Km 21. Cikeruh. Sumedang, Jatinangor 45363, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michele Rosano
Received: 10 September 2015 / Revised: 7 October 2015 / Accepted: 10 November 2015 / Published: 24 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Organic Waste Management)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1787 KB, uploaded 21 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

Household waste is a serious environmental problem in Indonesia, especially in urban areas. Since 2010, biogas production from food waste has been introduced to reduce waste and provided an alternative to liquid petroleum gas (LPG) as cooking fuel in a pilot project in Bandung. Although the produced biogas is sufficient, the socio-economic aspects can hinder application. This study assesses the socio-economic feasibility of the project in Cibangkong, a typical urban area in Bandung, which includes four bio-digesters. The results show that the conversion of food waste into biogas is currently not economically feasible, mainly due to the low penetration of bio-slurry—a by-product commonly used for fertilizer—into local fertilizer supply-chains. From a social perspective, community acceptance is mainly influenced by procedural justice. Furthermore, while the produced biogas is perceived to be quite useful in substituting LPG, it has not yet been fully utilized due to low bio gas pressure and several technical failures, which in turn influence community acceptance of the digesters. It is thus concluded that introducing biogas production from waste to improve waste management and reduce LPG consumption can be feasible when efforts to support the market uptake of bio-slurry, enhance biogas utilization, and improve procedural justice performance, are taken. View Full-Text
Keywords: food waste; waste reduction; biogas; bio-slurry; economic feasibility; community acceptance food waste; waste reduction; biogas; bio-slurry; economic feasibility; community acceptance
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Amir, E.; Hophmayer-Tokich, S.; Kurnani, T.B.A. Socio-Economic Considerations of Converting Food Waste into Biogas on a Household Level in Indonesia: The Case of the City of Bandung. Recycling 2016, 1, 61-88.

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