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Recycling 2016, 1(1), 178-193; doi:10.3390/recycling1010178

Recycling Approach towards Sustainability Advance of Composite Materials’ Industry

1
Institute of Science and Innovation in Mechanical and Industrial Engineering (INEGI), Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, Porto 4200-465, Portugal
2
Faculty of Engineering of University of Porto, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, Porto 4200-465, Portugal
3
CERENA-Polo FEUP, Center for Natural Resources and the Environnent, Porto 4100-465, Portugal
4
School of Engineering of Polytechnic of Porto (ISEP), Rua Dr. Bernardino de Almeida, 431, Porto 4200-072, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Michele Rosano and Julie Hill
Received: 9 May 2016 / Revised: 1 June 2016 / Accepted: 3 June 2016 / Published: 9 June 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1832 KB, uploaded 9 June 2016]   |  

Abstract

Worldwide volume production and consumption of engineered composite materials, namely fiber reinforced polymers (FRP), have increased in the last decades, mostly in the construction, automobile, aeronautic and wind energy sectors. This rising production and consumption have also led to an increasing amount of FRP waste, either end-of-life (EoL) products or manufacturing rejects. Taking into account the actual and impending EU framework on waste management, in which clear targets are set with concrete measures to ensure effective implementation, landfill and incineration will be progressively unavailable as traditional end-routes for this kind of waste. Recycling techniques and end-use applications for the recyclates have been investigated over the past twenty years, but even so, more cost-effective and feasible market outlets for the recyclates should be identified that meet both the economic and the environmental points of view. This paper is aimed at enclosing and summarizing an update overview regarding all these issues: current legislation, recycling techniques and end-use applications for the recyclates. Additionally, as a case study, the assessment of the potential improvements that could be made on the eco-efficiency performance (sustainability) of a typical FRP composite materials’ industry by recycling and re-engineering process approaches is also reported. View Full-Text
Keywords: eco-efficiency; Fiber Reinforced Polymer waste; Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer recyclates; economic-environmental; end-of-life (EoL) products; recycling; sustainability; waste management eco-efficiency; Fiber Reinforced Polymer waste; Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer recyclates; economic-environmental; end-of-life (EoL) products; recycling; sustainability; waste management
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ribeiro, M.C.S.; Fiúza, A.; Ferreira, A.; Dinis, M.L.; Meira Castro, A.C.; Meixedo, J.P.; Alvim, M.R. Recycling Approach towards Sustainability Advance of Composite Materials’ Industry. Recycling 2016, 1, 178-193.

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