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Batteries 2017, 3(2), 19; doi:10.3390/batteries3020019

Hydrogen Storage Characteristics and Corrosion Behavior of Ti24V40Cr34Fe2 Alloy

1
School of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg Private Bag 3, Wits 2050, South Africa
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Federal Polytechnic, Offa 24013, Nigeria
3
Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin 240003, Nigeria
4
BASF/Battery Materials-Ovonic, 2983 Waterview Drive, Rochester Hills, MI 48309, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hua Kun Liu
Received: 14 February 2017 / Revised: 19 May 2017 / Accepted: 8 June 2017 / Published: 14 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nickel Metal Hydride Batteries 2017)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1808 KB, uploaded 14 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

In this work, we investigated the effects of heat treatment on the microstructure, hydrogen storage characteristics and corrosion rate of a Ti34V40Cr24Fe2 alloy. The arc melted alloy was divided into three samples, two of which were separately quartz-sealed under vacuum and heated to 1000 °C for 1 h; one of these samples was quenched and the other furnace-cooled to ambient temperature. The crystal structures of the samples were studied via X-ray diffractometry and scanning electron microscopy. Hydrogenation/dehydrogenation characteristics were investigated using a Sievert apparatus. Potentiostat corrosion tests on the alloys were performed using an AutoLab® corrosion test apparatus and electrochemical cell. All samples exhibited a major body-center-cubic (BCC) and some secondary phases. An abundance of Laves phases that were found in the as-cast sample reduced with annealing and disappeared in the quenched sample. Beside suppressing Laves phase, annealing also introduced a Ti-rich phase. The corrosion rate, maximum absorption, and useful capacities increased after both heat treatments. The annealed sample had the highest absorption and reversible capacity. The plateau pressure of the as-cast alloy increased after quenching. The corrosion rate increased from 0.0004 mm/y in the as-cast sample to 0.0009 mm/y after annealing and 0.0017 mm/y after quenching. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ti-V-Cr-Fe alloy; hydrogen storage characteristics; metal corrosion; heat treatment; crystal structure Ti-V-Cr-Fe alloy; hydrogen storage characteristics; metal corrosion; heat treatment; crystal structure
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Mohammed Abdul, J.; Hearth Chown, L.; Kolawole Odusote, J.; Nei, J.; Young, K.-H.; Taiye Olayinka, W. Hydrogen Storage Characteristics and Corrosion Behavior of Ti24V40Cr34Fe2 Alloy. Batteries 2017, 3, 19.

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