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Fermentation 2017, 3(1), 7; doi:10.3390/fermentation3010007

Optimization of Thermo-Alkali Stable Amylase Production and Biomass Yield from Bacillus sp. Under Submerged Cultivation

Research Department of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, Loyola College, Nungambakkam, Chennai 600034, Tamil Nadu, India
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yanna Liang and Badal C. Saha
Received: 28 October 2016 / Revised: 13 January 2017 / Accepted: 20 January 2017 / Published: 4 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Industrial Biotechnology: An Emerging Area)
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Abstract

The present context was investigated to optimize amylase production and cell biomass of poultry-associated Bacillus sp. using a conventional as well as statistical approach. Box-Behnken design (BBD) matrix at N = 29 was employed to optimize four independent variables, selected from one factor at a time (OFAT) technique, for maximum amylase production and biomass yield. The relative activity of crude amylase obtained from the isolate showed stability at high temperature (60 °C) and alkaline condition (pH 9) up to 4 h of incubation, thereby indicating its alkali-tolerant and thermo-stable property. The BBD resulted in enhanced amylase activity of 145.32 U/mL when the basal medium was slightly acidic (pH 6) and kept at a temperature of 35 °C with the shaking speed of 130 rpm, in addition to being incubated for 24 h. The selected factors, when employed with this statistical optimization approach, showed 1.5-fold and 2-fold enhancements in the amylase production and biomass yield respectively compared to the OFAT method. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed high coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.96 to 0.99 for both the responses at significant level (p < 0.05). Three-dimensional response and 2D contour plot of the quadratic model showed interdependent interaction between the effective variables. Long-term thermo-alkali stability of amylase obtained from Bacillus sp. suggested not only its wide applications in pharmaceutical, food and biotechnological industries, but also suggested a potent replacement of existing amylases on the market. View Full-Text
Keywords: amylase; Bacillus sp.; Box-Behnken design; one factor at a time; poultry farm amylase; Bacillus sp.; Box-Behnken design; one factor at a time; poultry farm
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MDPI and ACS Style

Khusro, A.; Barathikannan, K.; Aarti, C.; Agastian, P. Optimization of Thermo-Alkali Stable Amylase Production and Biomass Yield from Bacillus sp. Under Submerged Cultivation. Fermentation 2017, 3, 7.

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