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Synthesis of Hybrid Silica-Carbon Tubular Structures by Chemical Vapor Deposition with Methane or Ethene

Grupo de Investigación Ciencia de los Materiales, Instituto de Química, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Antioquia, Calle 70 No. 52-21, Medellín 050010, Colombia
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Received: 22 November 2017 / Revised: 15 December 2017 / Accepted: 18 December 2017 / Published: 25 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon Nanotube and Applications)
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Abstract

Silica microtube and carbon nanotube hybrid structures have been synthesized by catalytic chemical vapor deposition using either methane or ethene as the carbon source, and cobalt-grafted or impregnated silica tubes (200–800 nm) as catalyst. The cobalt-grafted catalyst shows a high resistance to reduction (>1000 °C) and selectivity to single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNT). While ethene deposition produces more carbonaceous material, methane experiments show higher selectivity for SWCNT. After removing the silica with an excess of HF, the carbon nanostructure endured, resulting in a coaxial carbon nanostructure. The novel hybrid nanostructures obtained consist of a submicron-sized tube, with walls that are formed by a succession of carbon/silica/carbon layers to which multiwall (20–25 nm) and/or single-wall (0.6–2.0 nm) carbon nanotubes are attached. This synthesis approach combines the mechanical properties of carbon nanotubes and the thermal properties of silica tubes into a synergetic nanostructured material, opening further possibilities for polymer reinforcement and potential applications in catalysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: hybrid nanotubes; silica microtube; catalytic chemical vapor deposition (CCVD) hybrid nanotubes; silica microtube; catalytic chemical vapor deposition (CCVD)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Sepulveda, V.R.; López, B.L. Synthesis of Hybrid Silica-Carbon Tubular Structures by Chemical Vapor Deposition with Methane or Ethene. C 2018, 4, 1.

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