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Gels 2015, 1(1), 117-134; doi:10.3390/gels1010117

Synthesis and Properties of New “Stimuli” Responsive Nanocomposite Hydrogels Containing Silver Nanoparticles

Soft Materials Laboratory, Natural Sciences and Science Education AG, National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, 1-Nanyang Walk, Singapore 637616, Singapore
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dirk Kuckling
Received: 10 June 2015 / Revised: 4 August 2015 / Accepted: 21 August 2015 / Published: 28 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Stimuli-Responsive Gels)
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Abstract

Hydrogel nanocomposites containing silver nanoparticles of size 15–21 nm were prepared by diffusion and in-situ chemical reduction in chemically crosslinked polymers based on N-acryloyl-N′-ethyl piperazine (AcrNEP) and N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM). The polymer chains of the hydrogel network offered control and stabilization of silver nanoparticles without the need for additional stabilizers. The presence of silver nanoparticles and their size was quantified by UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The nanocomposite hydrogels were responsive to pH and temperature changes of the external environment. The equilibrium weight swelling ratio of the hydrogel nanocomposite was lower in comparison with the precursor hydrogel. Silver nanoparticles present in the nanocomposite offered additional physical crosslinking which influenced media diffusion and penetration velocity. The release of silver nanoparticles from the hydrogel matrix in response to external pH changes was studied. The rate of release of silver nanoparticles was higher in a solution of pH 2.5 due to maximum swelling caused by ionization of the gel network. No significant release of nanoparticles was observed in a solution of pH 7. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrogels; silver nanoparticles; absorption; nanocomposites; swelling hydrogels; silver nanoparticles; absorption; nanocomposites; swelling
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Deen, G.R.; Chua, V. Synthesis and Properties of New “Stimuli” Responsive Nanocomposite Hydrogels Containing Silver Nanoparticles. Gels 2015, 1, 117-134.

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