Function and Biosynthesis of Cell Wall α-1,3-Glucan in Fungi
AbstractAlthough α-1,3-glucan is a major cell wall polysaccharide in filamentous fungi, its biological functions remain unclear, except that it acts as a virulence factor in animal and plant pathogenic fungi: it conceals cell wall β-glucan on the fungal cell surface to circumvent recognition by hosts. However, cell wall α-1,3-glucan is also present in many of non-pathogenic fungi. Recently, the universal function of α-1,3-glucan as an aggregation factor has been demonstrated. Applications of fungi with modified cell wall α-1,3-glucan in the fermentation industry and of in vitro enzymatically-synthesized α-1,3-glucan in bio-plastics have been developed. This review focuses on the recent progress in our understanding of the biological functions and biosynthetic mechanism of cell wall α-1,3-glucan in fungi. We briefly consider the history of studies on α-1,3-glucan, overview its biological functions and biosynthesis, and finally consider the industrial applications of fungi deficient in α-1,3-glucan. View Full-Text
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Yoshimi, A.; Miyazawa, K.; Abe, K. Function and Biosynthesis of Cell Wall α-1,3-Glucan in Fungi. J. Fungi 2017, 3, 63.
Yoshimi A, Miyazawa K, Abe K. Function and Biosynthesis of Cell Wall α-1,3-Glucan in Fungi. Journal of Fungi. 2017; 3(4):63.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yoshimi, Akira; Miyazawa, Ken; Abe, Keietsu. 2017. "Function and Biosynthesis of Cell Wall α-1,3-Glucan in Fungi." J. Fungi 3, no. 4: 63.