Effect of Outflow Tract Banding on Embryonic Cardiac Hemodynamics
AbstractWe analyzed heart wall motion and blood flow dynamics in chicken embryos using in vivo optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) embryo-specific modeling. We focused on the heart outflow tract (OFT) region of day 3 embryos, and compared normal (control) conditions to conditions after performing an OFT banding intervention, which alters hemodynamics in the embryonic heart and vasculature. We found that hemodynamics and cardiac wall motion in the OFT are affected by banding in ways that might not be intuitive a priori. In addition to the expected increase in ventricular blood pressure, and increase blood flow velocity and, thus, wall shear stress (WSS) at the band site, the characteristic peristaltic-like motion of the OFT was altered, further affecting flow and WSS. Myocardial contractility, however, was affected only close to the band site due to the physical restriction on wall motion imposed by the band. WSS were heterogeneously distributed in both normal and banded OFTs. Our results show how banding affects cardiac mechanics and can lead, in the future, to a better understanding of mechanisms by which altered blood flow conditions affect cardiac development leading to congenital heart disease. View Full-Text
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Chivukula, V.K.; Goenezen, S.; Liu, A.; Rugonyi, S. Effect of Outflow Tract Banding on Embryonic Cardiac Hemodynamics. J. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis. 2016, 3, 1.
Chivukula VK, Goenezen S, Liu A, Rugonyi S. Effect of Outflow Tract Banding on Embryonic Cardiac Hemodynamics. Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease. 2016; 3(1):1.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chivukula, Venkat K.; Goenezen, Sevan; Liu, Aiping; Rugonyi, Sandra. 2016. "Effect of Outflow Tract Banding on Embryonic Cardiac Hemodynamics." J. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis. 3, no. 1: 1.
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