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J. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis. 2015, 2(3), 165-175; doi:10.3390/jcdd2030165

Imaging of Mitral Valve Prolapse: What Can We Learn from Imaging about the Mechanism of the Disease?

Heart Institute, Ein Kerem Campus, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Center, POB 12000, 92110 Jerusalem, Israel
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Russell Norris and Cheryl L. Maslen
Received: 28 February 2015 / Revised: 11 June 2015 / Accepted: 1 July 2015 / Published: 10 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genetics and Cardiovascular Development and Disease)
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Abstract

Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is the most common mitral valve disorder affecting 2%–3% of the general population. Two histological forms for the disease exist: Myxomatous degeneration and fibroelastic disease. Pathological evidence suggests the disease is not confined solely to the valve tissue, and accumulation of proteoglycans and fibrotic tissue can be seen in the adjacent myocardium of MVP patients. MVP is diagnosed by demonstrating valve tissue passing the annular line into the left atrium during systole. In this review we will discuss the advantages and limitations of various imaging modalities in their MVP diagnosis ability as well as the potential for demonstrating extra associated valvular pathologies. View Full-Text
Keywords: mitral valve prolapse; imaging; myxomatous degeneration; fibroelastic deficiency mitral valve prolapse; imaging; myxomatous degeneration; fibroelastic deficiency
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Durst, R.; Gilon, D. Imaging of Mitral Valve Prolapse: What Can We Learn from Imaging about the Mechanism of the Disease? J. Cardiovasc. Dev. Dis. 2015, 2, 165-175.

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