Altered Functional Brain Connectivity in Mild Cognitive Impairment during a Cognitively Complex Car Following Task
AbstractMild cognitive impairment (MCI) can affect multiple cognitive abilities, leading to difficulty in performing complex, cognitively demanding daily tasks, such as driving. This study combined driving simulation and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate brain function in individuals with MCI while they performed a car-following task. The behavioral driving performance of 24 patients with MCI and 20 healthy age-matched controls was compared during a simulated car-following task. Functional brain connectivity during driving was analyzed for a separate cohort of 15 patients with MCI and 15 controls. Individuals with MCI had minor difficulty with lane maintenance, exhibiting significantly increased variability in steering compared to controls. Patients with MCI also exhibited reduced connectivity between fronto-parietal regions, as well as between regions involved in cognitive control (medial frontal cortex) and regions important for visual processing (cuneus, angular gyrus, superior occipital cortex, inferior and superior parietal cortex). Greater difficulty in lane maintenance (i.e., increased steering variability and lane deviations) among individuals with MCI was further associated with increased connectivity between the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) and inferior frontal gyrus, as well as increased intra-cerebellar connectivity. Thus, compared to cognitively healthy controls, patients with MCI showed reduced connectivity between regions involved in visual attention, visual processing, cognitive control, and performance monitoring. Greater difficulty with lane maintenance among patients with MCI may reflect failure to inhibit components of the default-mode network (PCC), leading to interference with task-relevant networks as well as alterations in cerebellum connectivity. View Full-Text
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Hird, M.A.; Churchill, N.W.; Fischer, C.E.; Naglie, G.; Graham, S.J.; Schweizer, T.A. Altered Functional Brain Connectivity in Mild Cognitive Impairment during a Cognitively Complex Car Following Task. Geriatrics 2018, 3, 20.
Hird MA, Churchill NW, Fischer CE, Naglie G, Graham SJ, Schweizer TA. Altered Functional Brain Connectivity in Mild Cognitive Impairment during a Cognitively Complex Car Following Task. Geriatrics. 2018; 3(2):20.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hird, Megan A.; Churchill, Nathan W.; Fischer, Corinne E.; Naglie, Gary; Graham, Simon J.; Schweizer, Tom A. 2018. "Altered Functional Brain Connectivity in Mild Cognitive Impairment during a Cognitively Complex Car Following Task." Geriatrics 3, no. 2: 20.
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