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Beverages 2018, 4(2), 37; https://doi.org/10.3390/beverages4020037

Nutraceutic Characteristics of the Extracts and Juice of Chayote (Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw.) Fruits

1
Departamento de Procesos Alimentarios, Universidad Tecnológica de Tehuacán, 75859 Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico
2
Colegio de Postgraduados, Campus Montecillo, 56230 Texcoco, Mexico
3
Colegio de Postgraduados, Campus San Luis Potosí, 78622 Salinas de Hidalgo, San Luis Potosí, Mexico
4
Colegio de Postgraduados, Campus Córdoba, 94500 Córdoba, Veracruz, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 March 2018 / Revised: 28 March 2018 / Accepted: 23 April 2018 / Published: 1 May 2018
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Abstract

Fruits of chayote [Sechium edule (Jacq.) Swartz] are a non-traditional vegetable widely consumed in Latin America, with the state of Veracruz, México being the world’s main producer, but little is known about the nutraceutical potential. This study aimed to determine the chemical compositions and antioxidant activities from the juice fruits from two commercial varieties of chayote cultivated in Mexico, as well as a proposal for the elaboration of chayote juices with stevia leaves and pineapple juice. The physicochemical properties of juice from virens levis (VL) and nigrum spinosum (NS) varieties were determined using standard methods. The juice of the two varieties differ significantly regarding the concentrations of total soluble solids and total sugars, but not vitamin C. The total concentration of phenolics in NS extracts was slightly higher than in VL (1005 and 856 mg 100 g−1 dry-weight, respectively), but the total flavonoid contents were similar (27 and 26 mg 100 g−1 dry-weight, respectively). Cucurbitacin D was predominant in both varieties. The radical scavenging capacities of VL and NS extracts varied slightly (IC50 = 0.45 to 0.65 mg mL−1), while the antioxidant activities were similar (~80%). The NS variety is particularly promising regarding nutraceutical application. The chayote juice combined with stevia and pineapple maintained the original nutraceutical characteristics of the fruit, but enhanced the organoleptic characteristics like density and sugar/acidity balance. View Full-Text
Keywords: fruits; juice; flavonoids; cucurbitacins fruits; juice; flavonoids; cucurbitacins
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Riviello-Flores, M.L.; Arévalo-Galarza, M.L.; Cadena-Iñiguez, J.; Soto-Hernández, R.M.; Ruiz-Posadas, L.M.; Gómez-Merino, F.C. Nutraceutic Characteristics of the Extracts and Juice of Chayote (Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw.) Fruits. Beverages 2018, 4, 37.

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