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Bioengineering 2018, 5(2), 45; https://doi.org/10.3390/bioengineering5020045

3D Cell Migration Studies for Chemotaxis on Microfluidic-Based Chips: A Comparison between Cardiac and Dermal Fibroblasts

1
Multiscale in Mechanical and Biological Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Zaragoza, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain
2
Aragon Institute of Engineering Research, University of Zaragoza, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 April 2018 / Revised: 7 June 2018 / Accepted: 9 June 2018 / Published: 12 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Dynamic Cell and Tissue Culture)
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Abstract

Fibroblast migration to damaged zones in different tissues is crucial to regenerate and recuperate their functional activity. However, fibroblast migration patterns have hardly been studied in disease terms. Here, we study this fundamental process in dermal and cardiac fibroblasts by means of microfluidic-based experiments, which simulate a three-dimensional matrix in which fibroblasts are found in physiological conditions. Cardiac fibroblasts show a higher mean and effective speed, as well as greater contractile force, in comparison to dermal fibroblasts. In addition, we generate chemical gradients to study fibroblast response to platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) gradients. Dermal fibroblasts were attracted to PDGF, whereas cardiac fibroblasts are not. Notwithstanding, cardiac fibroblasts increased their mean and effective velocity in the presence of TGF-β. Therefore, given that we observe that the application of these growth factors does not modify fibroblasts’ morphology, these alterations in the migration patterns may be due to an intracellular regulation. View Full-Text
Keywords: fibroblast migration; 3D collagen scaffold; chemotaxis; microfluidics fibroblast migration; 3D collagen scaffold; chemotaxis; microfluidics
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Pérez-Rodríguez, S.; Tomás-González, E.; García-Aznar, J.M. 3D Cell Migration Studies for Chemotaxis on Microfluidic-Based Chips: A Comparison between Cardiac and Dermal Fibroblasts. Bioengineering 2018, 5, 45.

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