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Hydrology 2017, 4(3), 42; doi:10.3390/hydrology4030042

Lithological Identification and Underground Water Conditions in Jeddo Using Geophysical and Geochemical Methods

1
Department of Physics, Delta State University, 330106 Abraka, Nigeria
2
Department of Applied Geophysics, Federal University of Technology, 340252 Akure, Nigeria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 July 2017 / Revised: 8 August 2017 / Accepted: 16 August 2017 / Published: 21 August 2017
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Abstract

Resistivity soundings and hydrogeochemical methods were carried out in order to establish the characteristics of the aquifer in Jeddo, Southern Nigeria. Results of the resistivity sounding revealed that the formation is made up of clay, clayey sand, and fine- to coarse-grained sand. The mean depth of the aquifer was obtained as 12.7 m while the aquifer resistivity ranged from 161 to 1728 Ωm. The mean value of transmissivity obtained for the aquifer is 169 m2 day−1 while analysis of the transmissivity revealed that about 6% of the study area has greatest potential for a productive aquifer. The study also revealed that the underground water flows in the northeast–southwest direction. The hydro geochemical analysis of water samples showed that some parameters such as lead, color and pH exceeded the permissible limits, which were established by Federal Environmental Protection Agency and the World Health Organization. It is concluded from the water quality index (WQI) that the groundwater is of poor quality and requires some remediation before it can be used for domestic and industrial purposes. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrical resistivity; aquifer transmissivity; aquifer protective capacity; groundwater flow; water quality index electrical resistivity; aquifer transmissivity; aquifer protective capacity; groundwater flow; water quality index
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MDPI and ACS Style

Iserhien-Emekeme, R.; Ofomola, M.O.; Bawallah, M.; Anomohanran, O. Lithological Identification and Underground Water Conditions in Jeddo Using Geophysical and Geochemical Methods. Hydrology 2017, 4, 42.

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