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Hydrology 2017, 4(3), 35; doi:10.3390/hydrology4030035

“Cape Fear”—A Hybrid Hillslope Plot for Monitoring Hydrological Processes

1
Department for Innovation in Biological Systems, Food and Forestry (DIBAF), University of Tuscia, 01100 Viterbo, Italy
2
Department of Economics, Engineering, Society and Business Organization (DEIM), University of Tuscia, 01100 Viterbo, Italy
3
Dipartimento di Ingegneria, RomaTre University, 00146 Rome, Italy
4
Department of Agricultural Sciences, AFBE Division, University of Napoli Federico II, 80138 Napoli, Italy
5
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile e Ambientale, Politecnico di Milano, 20133 Milan, Italy
6
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, New York University Tandon School of Engineering, Brooklyn, NY 11201, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 May 2017 / Revised: 20 June 2017 / Accepted: 29 June 2017 / Published: 4 July 2017
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Abstract

Innovative experimental field designs and methods are instrumental for dissecting hydrological processes in hillslopes. However, experimental studies at the catchment scale are rarely affordable to most research groups, and laboratory flumes are oversimplified to reproduce natural phenomena. In this work, we present the innovative “hybrid” experimental plot of Cape Fear, which features controllable water fluxes and boundary conditions, but it is directly exposed to external atmospheric agents. We demonstrate the suitability of Cape Fear to study hydrological phenomena through a feasibility test, whereby the response of the plot to a natural storm is in line with the well-known hydrological response of natural hillslopes. Future studies will address the influence of the plot geometry parameters on rill formation. View Full-Text
Keywords: cape fear; hillslope processes; experimental plot; runoff onset; soil moisture; rill formation; tracers; fluorescent particles cape fear; hillslope processes; experimental plot; runoff onset; soil moisture; rill formation; tracers; fluorescent particles
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tauro, F.; Petroselli, A.; Fiori, A.; Romano, N.; Rulli, M.C.; Porfiri, M.; Palladino, M.; Grimaldi, S. “Cape Fear”—A Hybrid Hillslope Plot for Monitoring Hydrological Processes. Hydrology 2017, 4, 35.

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