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Hydrology 2016, 3(4), 43; doi:10.3390/hydrology3040043

Rainfall Variability across the Agneby Watershed at the Agboville Outlet in Côte d’Ivoire, West Africa

1
Laboratoire de Géosciences et Environnement (LGE), Université Nangui Abrogoua, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Ivory Coast
2
Laboratoire d’Hydrologie Appliquée (LHA), Institut National de l’Eau (INE), Université d’Abomey-Calavi (UAC), 01 BP 4521 Cotonou, Benin
3
SODEXAM, Direction de la Météorologie Nationale, 15 BP 950, Abidjan 15, Ivory Coast
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Okke Batelaan
Received: 13 October 2016 / Revised: 23 November 2016 / Accepted: 23 November 2016 / Published: 9 December 2016
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Abstract

This study analyzes, at local and regional scales, the rainfall variability across the Agneby watershed at the Agboville outlet over the period 1950–2013. Daily rainfall data from 14 rain gauges are used. The methods used are based, firstly, on the rainfall index which aims to characterize the inter-annual and decadal variability of rainfall and, secondly, on the moving average to determine the dynamics of the mean seasonal cycle of the precipitations. Furthermore, the Pettitt test and the Hubert segmentation are applied to detect change-point in the rainfall series. At the basin scale, analysis of rainfall signals composites has shown that the rainfall deficit was more pronounced after the leap of monsoon. Dry years were characterized by an early monsoon demise which is remarkable after 1968. Moreover, the years after 1969 presented a shift of the peaks in precipitation for about 12 days. These peaks were reached early. The rainfall signal showed that the rainfall deficit for the period after 1968, relatively to the period before, was 10% in June against 36% in October for the average rainfall in the Agneby basin. At the local scale, the deficit of the peaks depends on the location. These rainfall deficits were 23% against 36.3% in June for the Agboville and Bongouanou rain gauges, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: rainfall variability; seasonal cycle; monsoon withdrawal; ordinary Kriging; Agneby watershed rainfall variability; seasonal cycle; monsoon withdrawal; ordinary Kriging; Agneby watershed
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kouakou, A.B.P.; Lawin, E.A.; Kamagaté, B.; Dao, A.; Savané, I.; Srohourou, B. Rainfall Variability across the Agneby Watershed at the Agboville Outlet in Côte d’Ivoire, West Africa. Hydrology 2016, 3, 43.

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