Next Article in Journal
Biopsychosocial Assessment of Pain with Thermal Imaging of Emotional Facial Expression in Breast Cancer Survivors
Next Article in Special Issue
Pharmacological Treatment for Long-Term Patients with Schizophrenia and Its Effects on Sleep in Daily Clinical Practice: A Pilot Study
Previous Article in Journal
Benveniste’s Experiments Explained by a Non-Conventional Experimenter Effect
Previous Article in Special Issue
Genetic Variations Associated with Sleep Disorders in Patients with Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review
Article Menu
Issue 2 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperReview
Medicines 2018, 5(2), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines5020029

Acupuncture as Add-On Treatment of the Positive, Negative, and Cognitive Symptoms of Patients with Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review

1
Research Group of Pain and Neuroscience, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701, Korea
2
Brussels Institute for Applied Linguistics, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
3
College of Oriental Medicine, Sang Ji University, Wonju 26339, Korea
4
Psychiatric Research Group, LVR-Klinik Bedburg-Hau, 47511 Bedburg-Hau, Germany
5
Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University, 6525 Nijmegen, The Netherlands
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 February 2018 / Revised: 27 March 2018 / Accepted: 28 March 2018 / Published: 30 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Schizophrenia and Sleep Disorders)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1611 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]   |  

Abstract

Background: Schizophrenia is a severe psychiatric disorder that has a large impact on patients’ lives. In addition to Western medicine, the use of additional treatments, such as acupuncture, in treating the positive, negative, and cognitive symptoms is increasing. Methods: We conducted a systematic review on the use of acupuncture as an add-on treatment for patients with schizophrenia that are in regular care, with a special focus on the treatment of the often accompanying sleep disorders. In this study, we searched the Medline, ScienceDirect, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and ERIC databases with a cut-off date of 31 December 2017, thereby following the guidelines of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) protocol. Results: Our search resulted in 26 eligible studies with 1181 patients with schizophrenia who received acupuncture treatment. Most studies showed limited evidence for the use of acupuncture as add-on therapy in the treatment of the positive, negative, and cognitive symptoms, but beneficial effects have been reported in the treatment of the accompanying sleep disorders. Conclusions: Limited evidence was found for the use of acupuncture as add-on therapy in the treatment of patients with schizophrenia; however, positive results were found in the treatment of sleep disorders, but this result needs to be confirmed in large, randomized, controlled trials. View Full-Text
Keywords: schizophrenia; psychosis; sleep; sleep disturbances; sleep disorders; integrative medicine; acupuncture; add-on therapy schizophrenia; psychosis; sleep; sleep disturbances; sleep disorders; integrative medicine; acupuncture; add-on therapy
Figures

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

van den Noort, M.; Yeo, S.; Lim, S.; Lee, S.-H.; Staudte, H.; Bosch, P. Acupuncture as Add-On Treatment of the Positive, Negative, and Cognitive Symptoms of Patients with Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review. Medicines 2018, 5, 29.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Medicines EISSN 2305-6320 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top