Next Article in Journal
Current and Future Applications of Biomedical Engineering for Proteomic Profiling: Predictive Biomarkers in Neuro-Traumatology
Next Article in Special Issue
Acupuncture and Neural Mechanism in the Management of Low Back Pain—An Update
Previous Article in Journal
Understanding Chinese Medicine Patterns of Rheumatoid Arthritis and Related Biomarkers
Previous Article in Special Issue
Treatment of Sciatica Following Uterine Cancer with Acupuncture: A Case Report
Article Menu
Issue 1 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessCase Report
Medicines 2018, 5(1), 18; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines5010018

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Acupuncture in the Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis: A Case Study

1
ICBAS- Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar, University of Porto, 4050-313 Porto, Portugal
2
Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, s/n 4200-465 Porto, Portugal
3
LABIOMEP—Porto Biomechanics Laboratory, University of Porto, 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 December 2017 / Revised: 31 January 2018 / Accepted: 1 February 2018 / Published: 5 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Acupuncture – Basic Research and Clinical Application)
Full-Text   |   PDF [820 KB, uploaded 5 February 2018]   |  

Abstract

Background: Osteoarthritis is a widespread chronic disease seen as a continuum of clinical occurrences within several phases, which go from synovial inflammation and microscopic changes of bone and cartilage to painful destructive changes of all the joint structures. Being the most common joint disease, it is the leading cause of disability in working individuals above 50 years of age. In some cases, conventional treatments produce just a mild and brief pain reduction and have considerable side-effects. Contemporary Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is a model of systems biology based on a logically accessible theoretical background. It integrates several therapeutic approaches, among them acupuncture, which has shown effective results in the treatment of knee and hip osteoarthritis, minimizing pain, improving functionality and consequently leading to a better quality of life. Methods: The present case study included two patients with clinical signs of osteoarthritis and diagnosis of medial pain, as defined by the Heidelberg Model of TCM. Over 6 weeks, those patients were treated with acupuncture, with a frequency of one session a week. The sessions lasted for thirty minutes and were based on the needling of 4 local acupoints. Before and after each session, pain and mobility assessments were performed. Results: The results were positive, with significant reduction of pain and increased knee joint flexion amplitude and mobility. Conclusion: Acupuncture was effective as an alternative or complementary treatment of knee osteoarthritis, with high levels of improvement within a modest intervention period. View Full-Text
Keywords: osteoarthritis; acupuncture; Heidelberg Model of Traditional Chinese Medicine osteoarthritis; acupuncture; Heidelberg Model of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Teixeira, J.; Santos, M.J.; Matos, L.C.; Machado, J.P. Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Acupuncture in the Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis: A Case Study. Medicines 2018, 5, 18.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Medicines EISSN 2305-6320 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top